1) Glycoloysis

lucy.warnes
Mind Map by lucy.warnes, updated more than 1 year ago
lucy.warnes
Created by lucy.warnes over 5 years ago
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A Level Biology (AS Biology) Mind Map on 1) Glycoloysis, created by lucy.warnes on 10/14/2014.

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1) Glycoloysis
1 The splitting of 6C glucose molecule into two 3C pyruvate molecules.
2 1) Glucose must be made more reactive through the addition of two phosphate molecules which are provided from the hydrolysis of ATP to ADP. This provides the energy to activate glucose.
3 2) Each glucose molecule is split into two 3C triose phosphate molecules.
4 3) Hydrogen is removed from each of the TP molecules and transferred to NAD (hydrogen-carrier) into NADH.
5 4) Enzyme-controlled reactions convert each TP into a 3C pyruvate molecule. During this process, two molecules of ATP are regenerated from APD.
6 In anaerobic respiration, the pyruvate can be fermented into either alcohol or lactate.
6.1 Alcohol fermentation:
6.2 Lactate fermentation:
7 Occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell.
8
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