Macromolecules

sealescience
Mind Map by sealescience, updated more than 1 year ago
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Mind Map on Macromolecules, created by sealescience on 10/21/2014.
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Macromolecules
1 Proteins
1.1 amino group, hydrogen, carboxyl group and R variable group around a central carbon
1.2 Monomer: amino acid
1.3 enzymes speed up chemical reactions, build body structures
1.4 Ex: enzymes, beans, meat, fish, egg whites, antibodies
2 carbohydrates
2.1 hydrogen, carbon, oxygen in 1:2:1 ration; forms carbon rings
2.2 provides short term energy
2.3 Ex: Starch, glucose, bread, rice, vegetables, fruits
2.4 Monomer: Monosaccharide
3 Nucleic Acids
3.1 Monomer: Nucleotides
3.2 Polymer is shaped like a helix
3.3 build proteins and pass on hereditary information
3.4 Ex: DNA, RNA
4 Lipids
4.1 hydrogen, carbon, oxygen in hydrocarbon chains
4.2 Monomer: Fatty Acids
4.3 Provides long term energy storage and makes up the cell membrane
4.4 Ex: fats, oils, waxes, phospholipids, steroids, pigments
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