eimearkelly3
Mind Map by , created about 6 years ago

Leaving Certificate Biology (The Blood) Mind Map on Blood, created by eimearkelly3 on 08/17/2013.

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eimearkelly3
Created by eimearkelly3 about 6 years ago
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Blood

Annotations:

  • haemoglobin (red) x4 O2 oxyhaemoglobin (purple)
1 Functions
1.1 Temperature
1.2 Temperature regulation
1.3 Immunity
1.4 Communication
2 Composition
2.1 Plasma

Annotations:

  • 55%
2.2 Red blood cells (erythrocytes)
2.3 White blood cells (leucocytes)
2.4 Platelets (thrombocytes)
3 Plasma

Annotations:

  • 55% of blood pale yellow liquid 92% water - 8% solutes antibodies clotting proteins transports materials e.g. glucose, vitamins, salt carries heat serum - without clotting proteins
4 Erythrocytes

Annotations:

  • red blood corpuscles bone marrow biconcave disc shape no nucleus no mitochondria rich in haemoglobin transports oxygen anaemia
5 Leucocytes

Annotations:

  • Defend the body against infection colourless no haemoglobin nucleus mitochondria some are phagocytes e.g. monocytes remove cell debris (some) produce antibodies (some) bone marrow + lymphatic tissue leukaemia
5.1 Monocytes (macrophages)

Annotations:

  • Engulf pathogens, viruses, cancer cells, and tissues by phagocytosis formed in bone marrow 4-8% of the blood
5.2 Lymphocytes

Annotations:

  • made in bone marrow and stored n parts of the lymphatic tissue e.g. spleen, lymph nodes, tonsils move using pseudopodia account for 20-25% of white blood cells produce antibodies
6 Platelets (thrombocytes)

Annotations:

  • not cells - no nucleus fragment of large bone marrow cells (megacytes) blood clotting chemicals bone marrow haemophilia
7 ABO blood grouping
7.1 A

Annotations:

  • A antigens
7.2 B

Annotations:

  • B antigens
7.3 AB

Annotations:

  • A and B antigens
7.4 O

Annotations:

  • no antigens
8 Rhesus factor

Annotations:

  • rhesus antigen - factor D RH + (antigen present) RH - (antigen absent) RH - can be donated to RH + but not the other way around A+/A RH+ A-/A RH-