Mitral regurgitation

Laura Smitherman
Mind Map by Laura Smitherman, updated more than 1 year ago
Laura Smitherman
Created by Laura Smitherman almost 5 years ago
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Description

Postgraduate Medicine Cardiology Mind Map on Mitral regurgitation, created by Laura Smitherman on 03/10/2015.

Resource summary

Mitral regurgitation
1 symptoms
1.1 progressive exertional dyspnoea
1.2 palpitations
1.3 fatigue
1.4 severe
1.4.1 pulmonary oedema
2 signs
2.1 pulse
2.1.1 jerky
2.1.2 ?AF
2.2 chest
2.2.1 fine bibasal crackles
2.2.1.1 PO due to LV overload
2.2.2 parasternal heave
2.2.2.1 left atrial enlargement
2.2.3 loud P2
2.2.3.1 pulmonary HTN
2.2.4 Pansystolic murmur
2.2.4.1 at apex
2.2.4.2 radiates to axilla
2.2.4.3 loudest on expiration
2.2.5 systolic apical thrill
2.2.6 apex beat
2.2.6.1 displaced
2.2.6.2 thrusting
3 causes
3.1 rheumatic fever
3.2 prolapsing leaflets
3.3 papillary muscle dysfuction
3.4 rupture after inferior MI
3.5 cardiomyopathy
3.6 Ventricular dilatation/ dysfunction
4 pathophysiology
4.1 chronic
4.1.1 volume overload
4.1.1.1 atrial dilatation
4.1.1.2 ventricular dilatation
5 management
5.1 pulmonary congestion
5.1.1 diurectics
5.2 acute regurgitation
5.2.1 vasodilators
5.3 AF
5.3.1 digoxin
5.3.2 anticoagulants
5.4 mitral valve replacement
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