Freud's (1900) dream theory

Mind Map by lickerhowes, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by lickerhowes about 5 years ago


GCSE Psychology (Is dreaming meaningful?) Mind Map on Freud's (1900) dream theory, created by lickerhowes on 03/11/2015.

Resource summary

Freud's (1900) dream theory
1 Unconscious thoughts guide a lot of our behaviour
2 90% of our thinking is unconscious
3 Dreamwork
3.1 What the unconscious mind is doing whilst dreaming to protect an individual from undesirable thoughts
3.2 Condensation
3.2.1 Many ideas appearing as one symbol in a dream
3.3 Secondary elaboration
3.3.1 Something unimportant shifted to being important to take away focus from true meaning
3.4 Displacement
3.4.1 Added things to a dream during recollection in order to have the cream make sense
4 Repression is a way of forgetting undesirable thoughts by pushing them into the unconscious
5 Strengths
5.1 Used unique methods to find difficult to access data
5.1.1 He considered that phobias could be the cause of mental problems.
5.2 Gathered qualitative about real life (valid data)
5.2.1 Rich detail about real life (valid) over a long period of time was used for dream analysis
6 Weaknesses
6.1 His sample was biased
6.1.1 Worked primarily with rich Viennese families
6.2 His concepts were unmeasurable
6.2.1 There is no way it can be measured, and cannot be proven
6.3 He interpreted his findings, meaning they could be biased
6.3.1 This means they could be subective
6.4 There is an alternative biological theory, the activation-synthesis theory
7 Dream Analysis
7.1 Freud's way of interpreting dreams is known as psychoanalysis
7.1.1 Free association A method of asking a patient to say their thoughts out loud in order to try and find links
7.1.2 Slip of the tongue An accidental use of a word analysed in order to identify unconscious thoughts
7.1.3 Dream analysis A way of using free association to understand a person's unconscious thoughts
7.1.4 Strengths It can access hard to reach information It is usually accepted by the client It uses the information from the client directly
7.1.5 Weaknesses There may be ethical problems The participant may be given false memory It involves interpretation which is subjective
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