CANADIAN Peacekeeping Role

mattran
Mind Map by mattran, updated more than 1 year ago
mattran
Created by mattran about 5 years ago
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A mind map of Canadian peacekeeping missions
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CANADIAN Peacekeeping Role
1 The Suez Crisis
1.1 Eygpt
1.1.1 Suez Canal
1.1.1.1 Egypt Seizes Control in 1956 after increasing tention between other countries
1.1.1.1.1 Britain and France are not pleased
1.1.1.1.1.1 Israel invades Egypt and pushes toward Suez Canal
1.1.1.1.1.2 plan to retake Suez Canal Forcefully
1.1.2 Gaza Strip
1.1.3 Sinai peninsula
1.1.4 Gained full independence after WWII
1.2 Canadian Armed Forces
1.2.1 served in Egypt of over 50 years
1.2.2 Peaceful and did not engage in Combat
1.2.3 Provided services such as transportation, communication, supply, and health care for UN soldiers
1.3 years of operation
1.3.1 1973-1979
1.3.2 1956-1967
1.4 Important people
1.4.1 Lester B. Pearson (Canada's Minister of external affairs)
1.4.1.1 Prime Minister of Canada
1.4.1.2 Awarded Noble Peace Prize for proposing plan for peace in Eygpt
1.4.2 lieutenant-general E.L.M "Tommy" Burns
1.5 United Nations (UN) peace missions
1.5.1 Canada goes to Suez Canal to end conflicts between the British/French and Eygypt
1.5.2 Canadian Minister of external affairs proposes the creation of a multinational armed forces group to bring peace back to Egypt
2 Peacekeeping in Somalia
2.1 Horn of Africa
2.1.1 Somalia
2.1.1.1 society and government is tribal based
2.1.1.1.1 country wide civil war started in 1990's and rival gangs threatened many lives
2.1.1.2 became nation in 1960
2.2 Years of operation
2.2.1 1992-1993
2.3 UN peace mission
2.3.1 bring stability to the region and provide relief supplies to the despirate
2.3.1.1 Canadian role in the peace mission
2.3.1.1.1 disarming land mines
2.3.1.1.2 escort famine relief convoys
2.3.1.1.3 destroy confiscated weapons
2.3.2 20 countries participate in Somalia mission
2.3.2.1 Canada
2.3.2.2 United states of America
2.3.3 conflict could not be resolved and UN forces withdraw
3 Ethiopia and Eritrea
3.1 years of operation
3.1.1 2000-2003
3.2 Horn of Africa
3.2.1 Ethiopia
3.2.2 Eritrea
3.3 Conflict and problems
3.3.1 during WWII, Eritrea did not want to be part of of a political federation
3.3.1.1 Became independent from Ethiopia in 1990 after a civil war but violence occurred because of arguments between borders
3.3.2 In 1998, Ethiopia and Eritrea went to war with each other.
3.3.2.1 peace treaty declared in year 2000
3.3.2.2 100 000 fighters and civilians died
3.3.2.3 650000 residents became refugees
3.4 The U.N Peace effort
3.4.1 Monitor the terms of the peace treaty
3.4.1.1 set up security zones in both countries until borders are agreed upon
3.4.1.2 promote peace, trust, and security
3.4.2 Canadian Armed forces begin support in 2000
3.4.2.1 450 soldiers participate
3.4.2.2 Armored Reconnaissance, Mechanized Infantry, engineer troops, support
3.4.2.3 Ensure both Ethiopia and Eritrea withdrew from conflict/dispute so security zones can be secured
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