Refining petroleum

prietam.shah
Mind Map by , created about 6 years ago

Chemistry Mind Map on Refining petroleum, created by prietam.shah on 09/26/2013.

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prietam.shah
Created by prietam.shah about 6 years ago
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Refining petroleum
1 fractional ditillation
1.1 two opposite process
1.1.1 evaporation
1.1.2 condensation
1.2 fractions
1.2.1 trends/properties (from lower to higher fraction)
1.2.1.1 higher boiling point
1.2.1.2 less volatile
1.2.1.2.1 volatile: how easily evaporates
1.2.1.3 less flammable
1.2.1.3.1 flammable: how easily catches fire
1.2.1.4 more viscous
1.2.1.4.1 viscousity: resistance to flow
1.2.1.5 longer chain of molecules
1.2.2 groups of compounds having similar boiling point
1.3 petroleum refinery
1.3.1 refinery gas
1.3.2 gasoline (petrol)
1.3.3 naptha
1.3.4 paraffin (kerosene)
1.3.5 diesel oil (gas oil)
1.3.6 fuel oil
1.3.7 lubricating fraction
1.3.8 bitumen
1.3.9 source: crude oil
1.4 different compounds have different boiling point
1.5 compounds with least boiling point evaporates first

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