Cardiovascular System

erindarcyjohnson
Mind Map by erindarcyjohnson, updated more than 1 year ago
erindarcyjohnson
Created by erindarcyjohnson about 5 years ago
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Pathology MindMap
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Cardiovascular System
1 MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
1.1 "Heart Attack"
1.1.1 Caused by Ischemia, usually a blocked artery
1.2 RISK FACTORS
1.2.1 Smoking
1.2.2 Coronary thrombus
1.2.3 Aortic Stenosis
1.2.4 Cocaine Use
1.3 TESTS
1.3.1 ECG
1.3.2 Serum Levels of Cardiac Enzymes
1.4 MEDICATIONS
1.4.1 Thrombolytic agents (streptokinase, urokinase, t-PA)
1.4.2 Pain Relievers
1.4.3 Heparin Therapy
1.5 OUTCOMES
1.5.1 Depends size, location, and amount of damage
1.6 BLOOD COMPONENTS
1.6.1 Blood cholesterol
2 CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE
2.1 Unable to pump enough blood to body
2.2 RISK FACTORS
2.2.1 HTN
2.2.2 Cardiac Conditions
2.2.3 Obesity
2.2.4 Stress
2.3 TESTS
2.3.1 ECG
2.3.2 Echocardiogram
2.4 MEDICATIONS
2.4.1 ACE Inhibitors
2.4.2 Diuretics
2.4.3 Betablockers
2.5 OUTCOME
2.5.1 10-50% Mortality rate depending on severity
2.5.2 Earlier diagnosis=better prognosis
3 HYPERTENSION
3.1 Higher than 140/90 mm Hg
3.2 RISK FACTORS
3.2.1 Smoking
3.2.2 Obesity
3.2.3 High Cholesterol
3.2.4 Genetics
3.2.5 High Sodium Intake
3.3 BLOOD COMPONENTS
3.3.1 Blood Cholesterol
3.4 TESTS
3.4.1 Blood Pressure
3.4.2 ECG
3.4.3 Complete Blood Count
3.4.4 Urinalysis
3.4.5 Serum Potassium
3.4.6 Cholesterol
3.5 MEDICATIONS
3.5.1 Antihypertensive
3.5.1.1 Diuretics
3.5.1.2 Adrenergic Blockers
3.5.1.3 Calcium Antagonists
3.5.1.4 ACE Inhibitors
3.6 OUTCOME
3.6.1 Uncontrolled
3.6.1.1 Angina Pectoris, Stroke, Thrombotic occlusion
4 HEMOPHILIA
4.1 RISK FACTORS
4.1.1 Parent is carrier
4.1.2 Parent has disease
4.2 Bleeding disorder with clotting deficiencies
4.3 TESTS
4.3.1 Cord blood sample
4.3.2 CBC
4.3.3 Clotting Factor Assays
4.3.4 Activated partial thromboplastin time
4.4 MEDICATIONS
4.4.1 No cure
4.4.2 Factor replacement therapy
4.5 OUTCOME
4.5.1 Medical treatment prolongs life and improves quality of life
4.6 COMPONENTS OF BLOOD
4.6.1 Clotting Factors
5 SICKLE CELL DISEASE
5.1 Disorder of RBC with abnormal Hemoglobin (Hb S)
5.1.1 RISK FACTORS
5.1.1.1 Both parents with Hb S gene
5.1.1.1.1 Parent w/ Hb S & parent w/ Hb C
5.1.1.2 BLOOD COMPONENTS
5.1.1.2.1 Red Blood Cells
5.1.1.2.2 TESTS
5.1.1.2.2.1 Universal screening
5.1.1.2.2.1.1 Sickle turbidity test
5.1.1.2.2.1.1.1 Electrophoresis
5.1.1.2.2.1.1.1.1 Amniocentesis or Chorionic Villus
5.1.1.2.2.2 MEDICATIONS
5.1.1.2.2.2.1 Pain Relievers
5.1.1.2.2.2.1.1 IV Fluids
5.1.1.2.2.2.1.1.1 Antibiotics
5.1.1.2.2.2.1.1.1.1 Hydroxyurea
5.1.1.2.2.2.2 OUTCOMES
5.1.1.2.2.2.2.1 Life Expectancy: M- 42 y.o.; F- 48 y.o.
6 CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
6.1 RISK FACTORS
6.1.1 Smoking
6.1.1.1 High Total Serum Cholesterol
6.1.1.1.1 HTN
6.1.1.1.1.1 Diabetes
6.1.1.1.2 Inactivity
6.1.1.2 Obesity
6.1.2 Blood Components
6.1.2.1 TESTS
6.1.2.1.1 Coronary angiography
6.1.2.1.1.1 Echo- cardiography
6.1.2.1.2 MEDICATIONS
6.1.2.1.2.1 Aspirin
6.1.2.1.2.1.1 Antiplatelet treatment
6.1.2.1.2.1.1.1 Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor blockers
6.1.2.1.2.2 OUTCOMES
6.1.2.1.2.2.1 <35 y.o. fatality rate; increase considerably until 75 y.o.
6.1.2.2 Lipids
7
7.1 DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS
7.1.1 RISK FACTORS
7.1.1.1 Recent venous thromboembolism
7.1.1.1.1 Renal Transplant
7.1.1.1.1.1
7.1.1.2 Major surgeries
7.1.1.2.1 CABG
7.1.1.2.1.1 Splenectomy
7.1.1.3 BLOOD COMPONENTS
7.1.1.3.1 Complete Blood Count
7.1.1.3.1.1 Clotting Factors
7.1.1.3.1.1.1 Fibrin
7.1.1.3.2 MEDICATIONS
7.1.1.3.2.1 Low-molecular-weight Heparin
7.1.1.3.2.1.1 Longterm anticoagulants
7.1.1.3.2.2 TESTS
7.1.1.3.2.2.1 Doppler duplex ultrasonography
7.1.1.3.2.2.2 OUTCOMES
7.1.1.3.2.2.2.1 Depends on size, collateral circulation, and underlying cause
7.1.2 Partial or complete venous clot
7.2 SHOCK
7.2.1 Circulatory system unable to maintain enough pressure to supply organs
7.2.1.1 RISK FACTORS
7.2.1.1.1 Hypovolemia
7.2.1.1.1.1 Decreased Systemic Vascular Resistance
7.2.1.1.2 TESTS
7.2.1.1.2.1 Blood pressure
7.2.1.1.2.1.1 Systemic vascular resistance
8 BY: ERIN JOHNSON
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