The 1st Rump Parliament

Rosie HJ
Mind Map by Rosie HJ, updated more than 1 year ago
Rosie HJ
Created by Rosie HJ almost 5 years ago
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Rump Parliament
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The 1st Rump Parliament
1 Policies
1.1 Religious
1.1.1 Not very radical
1.1.2 Act Against the Destestable Sins of Profane Swearing and Cursing
1.1.3 Act for Suppressing the Detestable Sins of Incest, Adultery and Fornication
1.2 Acts which abolished the House of Lords and the Monarchy
1.2.1 March 1649
1.3 Relief for Poor Debtors- ended imprisonment for debts of under £5
1.4 Hale Commission for law reform
1.4.1 an attempt, but not successful
1.5 Act limiting the freedom of press- to suppress Leveller Movement
1.6 Act of Oblivion 1651- reconcile some former Royalists to the Commonwealth
1.7 Pass 125 Statutes in 1649, 51 in 1652
2 Failures
2.1 Leveller ideas remained- branched out into smaller factions such as the 5th Monarchists and Quakers- religious legislation wasn't very effective in this way
2.2 Diplomatic failures as they enter into a war with the Dutch in 1652.
2.2.1 Hurts the English economy
2.2.2 Cannot afford
2.2.3 Cannot end the war as they do not have an executive leader to carry out negotiations with the Dutch
2.2.4 1651- Navigation Act, forbade foreign ships to port in England with goods that were from other countries.
2.2.5 Means they have to implement high taxation upon the English nation- creates popular resentment
2.2.5.1 December 1652- the monthly assessment was raised from £90,000 to £120,000
2.2.6 1653- Although win 2nd and 3rd battles at Portland and the Gabbard
2.3 Fail to impose enough radical legislation
2.3.1 February 1649- purged MPs allowed to reenter Parliament
2.3.1.1 obstruct legislation
2.3.1.2 22/41 MPs of the Council of State refused to swear an Oath approving of the regicide
2.3.1.3 Eventually, fail to even meet
2.4 Their reliance on the army for their foreign policy meant that they were vulnerable to their criticisms and when they didn't fulfill their demands, they were shut down by Cromwell and 20/30 musketeers in April 1653
3 1649-April 1653
4 Successes
4.1 Gained effective control over Ireland by the end of 1649 - had represented a great threat as it had never been under sufficient control and was a likely place from which Charles Stuart would invade from/lead a rebellion from
4.1.1 Mass suppression of the native irish people- 25% killed by Cromwell and his 20,000 troops, 3000 at Drogheda and 2000 at Wexford.
4.2 Supression of Scottish Opposition
4.2.1 Dunbar- September 1650, where Cromwell secured a victory, despite being outnumbered 2:1, at a battle where Charles Stuart was present. And again in September 1651, Cromwell's troops were victorious against the invading Scots at Worcester.
4.2.1.1 The Scots had been outraged at Charles's execution and had proclaimed Charles II as their new king.
4.2.1.2 Scotland was garrisoned for control- threat of royalist invasion neutralised
4.3 Supression of leveller groups
4.3.1 Within the army
4.3.1.1 William Thompson, leader of a leveller-inspired rising in Oxfordshire shot 1649
4.3.2 Lilburne, Overton and two other leading levellers imprisoned and forced to sign the Oath of Engagement
4.4 Managed to secure a Republic in England
4.4.1 abolition of the monarchy and the regicide
4.5 Some new legislation
4.5.1 religious
4.5.2 Relief for Poor Debtors
4.6 Mainly down to the army!!
5 The Case of the Missing Bill
5.1 It is likely that the bill accounted for an election for a new Parliament, but that the Rump MPs would get to approve the new MPs
5.1.1 Cromwell shuts them down for being corrupt and inefficient
5.1.1.1 'You have sat here too long for any good you have done'
5.1.1.2 Does suggest that perhaps Cromwell was looking for power/was a dictator
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