Nomenclature and isomerism in organic chemistry

Amy Holden
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Mind Map on Nomenclature and isomerism in organic chemistry, created by Amy Holden on 04/13/2015.

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Amy Holden
Created by Amy Holden over 4 years ago
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Nomenclature and isomerism in organic chemistry
1 1 carbon = meth-
2 2 carbon = eth-
3 3 carbon = prop-
4 4 carbon = but-
5 5 carbon = pent-
6 6 carbon = hex-
7 7 carbon = hept-
8 Alkanes
8.1 alkanes in a carbon ring are given the prefix cyclo-
8.2 Single bonds
8.3 Suffix -ane
9 Alkenes
9.1 Double bonds
9.2 Suffix -ene
10 Stereoisomerism
10.1 Two or more compounds have the same structural formula, but differ in the arrangement of bonds in space
10.2 E-Z isomerism
10.2.1 When each double bonded carbon has two different atoms or groups attached to it
10.2.2 You can't rotate a double bond
10.2.3 E = apart
10.2.4 Z = together
10.3 Optical isomerism
10.3.1
11 Structural isomerism
11.1 Have different functional groups
11.2 The functional groups are attached to the main chain at different points
11.3 They have a different arrangement of carbon atoms in the skeleton of the molecule