Henry VIII Government and accession

rich.houghton
Mind Map by rich.houghton, updated more than 1 year ago
rich.houghton
Created by rich.houghton almost 5 years ago
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Mind Map on Henry VIII Government and accession, created by rich.houghton on 04/22/2015.

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Henry VIII Government and accession
1 Removal of Empson and Dudley
1.1 Henry VII is perceived to have tyrannised members of the gentry and nobility for example by imposing financial penalties like bonds and recognisances and the council learned in law that was headed by Richard Empson and Edmund Dudley. Henry VIII rejected this idea as he thought it was unjust and so arrested Empson and Dudley and put them in the Tower of London
1.2 He also set up commissions across the country to hear grievances against the late kings agents
1.3 Empson and Dudley were executed to satisfy the public demand for revenge and for the kings need for a fresh start
2 Economic and political position
2.1 In 1509 England was in a better economic position than in 1485
2.2 Henry VII left Henry VIII £1m
2.3 Henry VIII is Lancastrian and Yorkist so there was a smooth succession
2.4 In 1508 England is politically isolated, Ferdinand marries the French kings niece
3 Personality and ambition
3.1 Intelligent, attractive and physically strong
3.2 His main ambition was to be a warrior and an imperial king
3.3 He had not been trained like Arthur had been and therefore had ideas of what kind of king he wanted to be
3.4 Renaissance king
4 Marriage
4.1 He insisted that Catherine of Aragon stay in England after Arthurs death
4.2 This retains that Anglo-Spanish connection
4.3 Catherine brought dowry that Henry refused to repay
4.4 He was allowed to marry CoA after the pope issued a decree in 1504 giving papal dispensation
4.5 Catherine was ambitious and determined to fulfil her destiny of becoming Queen of England
5 Government
5.1 The Court
5.1.1 It was a source of patronage and political influence
5.1.2 Members moved with Henry from place to place, eg Wolsey
5.1.3 To entertain the king, reflected Henry personally and to impress foreign powers as a renaissance king
5.1.4 Faction became a problem (groups of like minded people towards an issue eg divorce)
5.2 The council
5.2.1 There was an established council when Henry came to the throne unlike in 1485
5.2.2 Henry VIII desired adventure and glory unlike his father which put strains on relationships like Archbishop Warham and Richard Fox who advised the king against war but he didn't listen
5.2.3 Henrys grandmother Margaret Beaufort had a political influence and directed the new king but this was short lived as she soon died
5.2.4 He was impressed by Wolsey as he had an enormous capacity for hard work and unparalleled organisational skills
5.2.5 Tension soon became common knowledge between those that opposed war against France and those who supported war
5.3 The Privy Chamber
5.3.1 The council and institutions of government continued to provide the kings formal advice/consultation area
5.3.2 But policies and decisions were increasingly being made in the court
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