Theories

Megan Wilson
Mind Map by Megan Wilson, updated more than 1 year ago
Megan Wilson
Created by Megan Wilson over 6 years ago
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Description

PYH400 Thesis PSY2030 Developmental Psychology Mind Map on Theories, created by Megan Wilson on 10/07/2013.

Resource summary

Theories
1 Psychodynamic
1.1 Freud

Annotations:

  • Main focus: Personality, psychoanalytic Key concepts: id, ego, super ego; psychosexual conflicts; defence mechanisms STAGE THEORY

Attachments:

1.2 Erikson

Annotations:

  • Main focus: Personality; psychosocial Key concepts: lifespan development; psychosocial crisis STAGE THEORY
1.3 Mahler

Annotations:

  • Main focus: personality (social, emotional self) Key concepts: birth of psychological self; separation-individuation STAGE THEORY
1.4 Stern

Annotations:

  • Main focus: personality (interpersonal, cognitive, emotional self) Key concepts: Interpersonal sense of self; RIGS STAGE THEORY
2 Behavioural
2.1 Skinner

Annotations:

  • Main focus: Learning Key concepts: Operant conditioning, reinforcement, punishment
2.2 Pavlov

Annotations:

  • Main focus: learning Key concepts: Classical conditioning
3 Cognitive
3.1 Piaget

Annotations:

  • Main focus: Cognitive (thinking, problem solving) Key concepts: Schemes, assimilation, accommodation, equilibrium, mental space (Neo-piagetian) STAGE THEORY
3.2 Case; Fischer

Annotations:

  • Main focus: cognitive; problem-solving skills and capabilities Key concepts: skill acquisition; optimal performance; higher level skills PROCESS-ORIENTED THEORY
3.3 Information Processing

Annotations:

  • Main focus: cognitive; processing of info; problem solving and other mental abilities Key concepts: sensory register; STM; LTM; metacognition, knowledge base, control processes PROCESS-ORIENTED THEORY
4 Contextual
4.1 Lorenz, Tinbergen (ethological)

Annotations:

  • Main focus: Adaptation to biological and ethological contexts Key concepts: Behavioural dispositions; evolutionary adaptations PROCESS-ORIENTED THEORY
4.2 Bronfenbrenner (ecological)

Annotations:

  • Main focus: interactive contextual influences Key concepts: microsystem, exosystem, mesosystem, macrosystem PROCESS-ORIENTED THEORY
4.3 Vygotsky (sociocultural)

Annotations:

  • Main focus: contextual; cultural/historical influences Key concepts: Dialogues; zone of proximal development (ZPD) PROCESS-ORIENTED THEORY
4.4 Lerner & Elder

Annotations:

  • Main focus: individual change within social and historical contexts Key concepts: Multiple organisational levels of reciprocal, dynamic change; social trajectories
5 Adult & Lifespan
5.1 Normative-crisis

Annotations:

  • Main focus: personality (social, behaviour, life structure, coping mechanisms) Key concepts: Adult development; mature coping mechanisms (Vaillant); eras; transitions, and life structures (Levinson). STAGE THEORY
5.2 Timing-of-events

Annotations:

  • Main focus: Personality (social, behaviour, life structure) Key concepts: Adult development; normative & non-normative events; social clock PROCESS-ORIENTED
5.3 Dynamic Systems

Annotations:

  • Main focus: Change is ongoing Key concepts: Biological makeup, differences in individual skills STAGE-LIKE
6 Social Cognitive Learning
6.1 Bandura

Annotations:

  • Main Focus: learning behaviour, cognitive response patterns, social roles Key concepts: imitation, social learning, modelling, cog. learning, reciprocal determinism, skills, capabilities PROCESS-ORIENTATED
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