1 KARL MARX- "RELIGION IS THE OPIUM
OF THE PEOPLE"
2 MARXISTS- See religion as a feature only of a class
divided society. When the WC over throw the RC to
form a classless society there will be no need for
religion therefore causing It disappear
3 IDEOLOGY- A belief system that distorts reality to
benefit the RC: Rewards in afterlife means people
accept poverty in real life. Spiritual wealth is more
4 QUOTE: 'THE RICH MAN IN HIS CASTLE THE
POOR MAN AT HIS GATE, GOD MADE THEM
HIGH AN DLOWLY AND ORDERED THEIR
4.1 QUOTE: 'IT IS EASIER FOR A CAMEL TO
PASS THROUGH THE EYE OF A NEEDLE
THAN FOR A RICH MAN TO ENTER THE
KINGDOM OF HEAVEN'
4.1.1 QUOTE: RELIGOION IS A KIND OF SPIRITUAL GIN IN WHICH
THE SLAVES OF CAPITAL DROWN THEIR HUMAN SHAPE AND
THEIR CLAIMS TO ANY DECENT LIFE' Lenin
5 Religion dulls the pain caused by oppression
5.1 It does nothing to solve the problem; it is a bad
attempt to make life more bearable for the WC.
6 RELIGION GIVES: Salvation from bondage and misery by promised afterlife.
Promises people will be rewarded for their virtues. Offers hope to the
supernatural intervention to solve problems on earth. Often justifies social
order and your place within it
7 ALIENATION: People in capitalist society
become separated from the things that they
7.1 How does religion help people deal with alienation?
7.1.1 FALSE CLASS CONCIOUSNESS: A distorted view of reality that
prevents the poor from acting up to change the situation
8 HINDU CASTE SYSTEM: The untouchables are tasked with gruesome jobs which
they are made to do for very little money, they are not allowed to socialise with
other classes as they are below them. The untouchables believe that they will be
reincarnated into a better role once they die. The other sectors will be rewarded
after death as they have an earned place within society.
9 DIVINE RIGHT OF KINGS: God chose the kings and gave them all power. The people
believe this too. The king uses his 'God given power' to exert control. Therefore if a
person speaks out or acts against the king it can then be seen as an attack at God.
Punishments then follow showing other who is in control and the power the king has
been granted from god
10 THE BIBLE REINFORCES FLASE CLASS CONSCIENCE: People read the bible and
the scriptures that say heaven exists and to get there you have to follow rules
such as the 10 commandments, people will then end up having a poor life so
the can get into heaven, therefore displaying false class conscience