The cereal group

Samira Alnougi
Mind Map by Samira Alnougi, updated more than 1 year ago
Samira Alnougi
Created by Samira Alnougi almost 5 years ago
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the cereal group
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The cereal group
1 what are cereals?
1.1 Cereals are the seeds or grains of cultivated grass plants
1.1.1 examples
1.1.1.1
2 Average composition of cereals
2.1
3 Structure of cereals
3.1 The bran layer:good source of fibre,vitamin b and iron.It's removed wen cereals are processed
3.1.1 The Endosperm: This is mainly starch
3.1.1.1 The germ: This contains protein fat and vitamin B
4 FOOD VALUE
4.1 Carbs:is present in the form of fibre. Protein:good source of veg protein. Fat:mainly in the germ vitamins/minerals:good source of vitamin b also contains iron and calcium water:content is low,water is absorbed during cooking
4.1.1 Processing cereals
4.1.1.1 crushing of grains is called milling
4.1.1.1.1 The grain is washed dried then passed through metal rollers to break open the grain
4.1.1.1.1.1 to make white flour the wheat continues through a series of rollers and sieves until its smooth and white
4.1.2 Fortified foods
4.1.2.1 certain processed food such as cereal and flour have some of the vitamins and minerals removed
4.1.3 The effects of cooking on cereals
4.1.3.1 cellulose is softened and is digestable
4.1.3.1.1 heat causes starch grains to swell and burst
4.1.3.1.1.1 the grains absorb liquid
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