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Studying Deviance

Description

Deviance in sexual behavior, Crime reporting and statistics, research
jsimek
Mind Map by jsimek, updated more than 1 year ago
jsimek
Created by jsimek over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

Studying Deviance
  1. Official Statistics
    1. Uniform Crime Reports (UCRs) Numerical data Government money for normal jobs
      1. Sociological categories of crime
        1. Property Crimes
          1. Burglary - Vandalism - Arson - Theft
          2. Crimes Against the Person
            1. Robbery - Rape - Murder - Assault
            2. Victimless Crimes
              1. Drugs - Sex - Gambling
            3. Stengths
              1. Fast - Cheap - Longitudinal - Breadth
              2. Weaknesses
                1. Validity - Change - Data Gathering - Self interpretation
              3. Career Of Crime
                1. Unrecognized - Unreported - Unrecorded
                2. Survey and Field Research
                  1. Survey Research most popular
                    1. Four Steps - Questionnaire - Sampling - Mode of Administration - Coding & Analysis
                    2. Field Research
                      1. Participant observation field research
                        1. Four Features - Choose topic/personal bio - Gaining Entree - Forging trust - Developing Analysis
                      2. Child Abuse Reporting
                        1. Laws to report maltreatment - Reportable condition expanded
                          1. Report - Physical abuse - Sexual Abuse - Physical neglect - Exploitation - Emotional maltreatment
                            1. Due to reporting Laws child neglect deaths have fallen from 300-5000 per year to 1000 annually
                              1. Unreported cases
                                1. 500,000 cases unreported (1986) - 2,000 with observable signs - 100,000 with moderate signs - 30,000 sexually abuses
                                2. Unsubstantiated Reports
                                  1. 60 to 65 closed finding of unfounded - 700,000 families investigated of unfounded reports - Case workers overwhelmed 25% to 50% death of children previously known
                                  2. Survey of Sexual Behavior of Americans
                                    1. Skepticism about national survey of sex behavior
                                      1. Hard to find participants- wont answer honestly - Marginalized - Little prior research - Exceptions are adolescene
                                      2. National Health and Social Life Survey
                                        1. Probability sampling used - No other scientifically acceptable way
                                          1. Every sample produces a slightly different estimate - Subpopulations become important determinant of sample size
                                          2. Gaining Cooperation The Response Rate
                                            1. No survey is able to get every sampling - Face-to-face 75% of target - Missing 25% pose a serious issue of reliability
                                              1. 75% do not lead to biased results - NHSLS study response rate of 80% but was expensive
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