INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF PROKARYOTES

afiqahmustafakam
Mind Map by afiqahmustafakam, updated more than 1 year ago
afiqahmustafakam
Created by afiqahmustafakam over 6 years ago
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Description

This is a mind map about the internal structure of prokaryotes and its description

Resource summary

INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF PROKARYOTES
  1. NUCLEAR AREA
    1. SINGLE LONG CIRCULAR MOLECULE OF DOUBLE STRANDED DNA
      1. IN BACTERIAL CHROMOSOME, BACTERIA OFTEN CONTAIN SMALL CIRCULAR, DOUBLE STRANDED DNA MOLECULES
      2. RIBOSOMES
        1. SITES OF PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
          1. EACH SUBUNITS CONSIST OF PROTEIN AND RNA
            1. RIBOSOMAL RNA
              1. RRNA
              2. HIGH RATES OF PROTEIN SYNTHESIS NEEDS ABUNDANT RIBOSOMES
                1. TWO SUBUNITS
                2. INCLUSION
                  1. STORES
                    1. SECRETORY PRODUCTS
                      1. NUTRIENTS
                        1. PIGMENT GRANULES
                        2. NON LIVING COMPONENTS OF THE CELLSTHAT DO NOT POSSESS METABOLIC ACTIVITY
                          1. NOT BOUNDED BY MEMBRANES
                          2. PLASMA MEMBRANE
                            1. FOR RESPIRATION
                              1. PHOSPHOLIPID BILAYER (PROTEIN EMBEDDED IN AND ATTACHED TO INNER PART
                                1. ASSIST IN DNA REPLICATION
                                  1. A PERMEABLE BARRIER
                                    1. CAPTURES ENERGY AS ATP
                                      1. SYNTHESIZES CELL WALL
                                      2. ENDOSPORE
                                        1. FORMED BY SOME BACTERIA FOR SURVIVAL DURING ADVERSE CONDITIONS
                                          1. TYPES OF BACTERIA INVOLVED
                                            1. CLOSTRIDIUM TETANI
                                              1. BACILLUS ANTHRACIS
                                              2. CAN SURVIVE IN HARSH CONDITIONS
                                                1. LEADS TO A HIGHLY DEHYDRATED STRUCTURE THICK WALLS AND ADDITIONAL LAYERS
                                                2. CYTOPLASM
                                                  1. 80 % WATER
                                                    1. CONTAIN PROTEIN, CARBOHYDRATE, LIPIDS AND INORGANIC IONS
                                                      1. SUBSTANCE OF THE CELL INSIDE THE PLASMA MEMBRANE
                                                        1. THICK, AQUEOUS, SEMITRANSPARENT AND ELASTIC
                                                          1. MAJOR STRUCTURE
                                                            1. DNA
                                                              1. RIBOSOMES
                                                                1. INCLUSIONS
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