Principles of camp siting

lashed_126
Mind Map by lashed_126, updated more than 1 year ago
lashed_126
Created by lashed_126 over 4 years ago
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Principles of camp siting

Resource summary

Principles of camp siting
1 Safe comfortable environment
2 Make the best use of available area

Annotations:

  • Camp layout in a grid system Set boundary Grid can be expanded Avoid area used by troops less than 2 mths before
2.1 Area and real estate available

Annotations:

  • Enough space and future expansion
3 Topography and location

Annotations:

  • Towns and local inhabitants Wind Space for expansion Duration
  • Look for a gentle slope Natural drainage Consider flood hazards Avoid flat areas and swamps
3.1 Environmental impact
4 Soil type

Annotations:

  • Sanitation Water pipelines Road and construction Living environment (dust, mud) High water table problems (latrines etc)
5 Availability of water

Annotations:

  • Water source as close to camp as possible Quality and quantity Type of source
6 Access

Annotations:

  • Approaches (metalled roads) Main traffic route Vehicles, weight limits Camp circuit
6.1 Logistics supply

Annotations:

  • Air drop - allows supply to remote areas, expensive and requires large scale support Road - security issues for convoy but allows cheaper and more accurate supply
7 Vegetation

Annotations:

  • May require fuel for cooking Wood and grass for shelter Vector problems
7.1 Utilising existing facilities

Annotations:

  • Tactical considerations Duration Construction type Safety of facility Size of buildings Information about facility Drainage Power supply Water supply Removal of bodies Booby traps etc
8 Environmental heath hazards

Annotations:

  • Vector borne diseases Use of rivers for bathing and laundry Pests Over crowding Catering Climate
9 Political and security issues
10 Social, legal and cultural issues
11 Camp layout

Annotations:

  • Facing prevailing wind Sleeping accommodation at the front Sanitary facilities downwind Night sanitation appliances Ablutions downstream of water point Communications Work areas
12 Immediate action points

Annotations:

  • Localise defecation Develop appropriate exceta disposal system Establish inspection and reporting system Establish effective services for disposal of other waste
13 Waste disposal requirements

Annotations:

  • Must be easy to keep clean Hand washing Fly proofing Degree of privacy At least 30m from ground water sources At least 1.5m from water table Must be accessible Security
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