Module 4 Constructing Deviance

rallen3
Mind Map by rallen3, updated more than 1 year ago
rallen3
Created by rallen3 about 5 years ago
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a study guide for alder and alder part 4

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Module 4 Constructing Deviance
1 Moral entrepreneurs: those who construct moral meanings and associate them with certain acts
1.1 Draw on institutions, agencies, symbols, ideas,and communication to audience
2 Facets of deviance
2.1 Rule creating: politicians, teachers, parents, school admin, and business leaders. They create public morality through a process of stages
2.1.1 Stage 1: Awareness of the problem Stage 2: Convincing others
2.2 Rule enforcing: police, prosecuters, judges
3 Differential social power
3.1 Labeling: some groups have more social power than others, the yset the definitions of deciance and impose labels on people
3.2 Resisting labeling: some groups are powerful enough to resist labels
4 Social construction of drug scares
4.1 Drug scares and drug laws: not simply a reflection of problems people are experiencing
4.2 7 Elements to drug scares: a kernel of truth, media magnification, moral entrepreneurs, professional intrest groups, historical context of conflict, link drug use for a variety of social problems
4.3 Drug scare frequency in America: All too frequent due to 3 reasons. We blame drugs for social problems. American society is capitalist society, emphasis on self control, We live in a consumer culture
5 Status politics and the creation of deviance.
5.1 Socially constructed , creates political competition
5.2 Moral crusades: Dominated by members of upper social class: may be assimilative or coercive
5.2.1 Assimilative: sympathy for deviance; higher moral plane (Education)
5.2.2 Coercive: deviants viewed as denying moral superiority of reformers (Law and Force)
6 Bad reputations: Someone labeled as deviant may experience negative stereotypes, lead to blocked opportunities, and tighter social control
6.1 Good reputations: convey advantages ( Halo Effect)
6.2 Claim smackers: compete in social problems. Sometimes they rework their claims in order to make them more persuasive
6.3 Blow back: unanticipated negative consequences of social action
7 Gang: 3 or more people engaged in criminal activity either collectively or individually
7.1 Broken window theory: focus on enforcement efforts on minor offenses to prevent social and physical disorder and thus reduce the level of overall crime
7.2 Police misconduct: excessive force, illegals treated worse, 80% of misconduct occurs during an arrest and takes place in the evening time.
8 Incarceration trends: 2 million currently incarcerated; longer sentences; greater range of offenses; little planning for release, limited future employment, 40% return within 3 years
9 Medical kickbacks: payments from one party to another in exchange for referred business or other money producing deals.
9.1 Fee splitting: when one physician receives payment from a surgeon or other specialist in exchange for patient referrals.
9.1.1 Self referrals: involve sending patients to specialized medical facilities in which the physician has financial interest.
9.1.1.1 Prescription violation: over prescribe or misprescribe drugs to patients resulting in serious illness or death.
9.1.1.1.1 Unnecessary treatments: recommended to patients because of financial gain for the doctor not the patient.
9.1.1.1.1.1 Sexual misconduct: sex may be exchanged for professional service.
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