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The Chemistry of Life

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This is a mind-map for the chemistry of life
杜展旻
Mind Map by 杜展旻, updated more than 1 year ago
杜展旻
Created by 杜展旻 over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

The Chemistry of Life
  1. Atom

    Annotations:

    • It is the basic unit of matter. It is made of sub-atomic particles
    1. Protons

      Annotations:

      • It is one of the three sub-atomic particles that make up Atom.
      1. It has positive charge
        1. 1 atomic mass unit
        2. Neutrons

          Annotations:

          • It is one of the three sub-atomic particles that make up Atom.
          1. It has no charge
            1. 1 atomic mass unit
            2. Electron

              Annotations:

              • It is one of the three sub-atomic particles that make up Atom.
              1. 0.0005 atomic mass unit
                1. It has negative charge
                2. Stucture

                  Annotations:

                  • Always 2 electron on the first level.
                  1. Isotopes
                    1. Atoms of different elements that in the number of neutrons
                  2. Chemical Bond

                    Annotations:

                    • The bond that held Atoms together.
                    1. Covalent Bond
                      1. examples
                        1. C02
                        2. share eletron
                        3. Ionic Bond
                          1. Transfer eletron
                            1. example
                              1. Nace
                          2. Compound
                            1. 2 or more different elements
                              1. Example
                                1. O2
                              2. Properties of water
                                1. Water molecule
                                  1. Structure
                                    1. Oxygen
                                      1. Hydrogen
                                        1. fuction
                                          1. polar

                                            Annotations:

                                            • Polar is a molecule that has uneven charges
                                          2. Hydrogen-bonding

                                            Annotations:

                                            • The attraction between hydrogen and oxygen atom on the water molecule is hydrogen bonding
                                            1. Weaker than covalent and ionic
                                        2. unique properties

                                          Annotations:

                                          • It is cause by polarity and Hydrogen bonding.
                                          1. High specific heat capacity
                                            1. It takes more energy to heat it up
                                            2. Cohesion

                                              Annotations:

                                              • It is an attraction between molecules of same substance.
                                              1. Water stick to itself
                                              2. Adhesion

                                                Annotations:

                                                • It is an attraction between molecules of different substance.
                                                1. Water sticks to other things
                                              3. PH

                                                Annotations:

                                                • It stands for Potential hydrogen
                                                1. Acid

                                                  Annotations:

                                                  • An acid is any compound that form H+ ions in solution
                                                  1. Base

                                                    Annotations:

                                                    • A base is a compound that produces hydroxide ions in solution.
                                                    1. PH Scaale
                                                      1. Neutral

                                                        Annotations:

                                                        • It has the ph of 7. 
                                                    2. Carbon Compounds
                                                      1. Chemistry of Carbon
                                                        1. Stable
                                                          1. Can bond with 4 other elements
                                                          2. Structure
                                                            1. Rings
                                                              1. Chains
                                                                1. Branches
                                                              2. Macromolecules
                                                                1. Polymers

                                                                  Annotations:

                                                                  • It means many units join together
                                                                  1. Monomers

                                                                    Annotations:

                                                                    • It is singer unit
                                                                  2. Biological molecules
                                                                    1. Carbohydrates

                                                                      Annotations:

                                                                      • Carbohydrates are compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms in a ratio of 1:2:1. It is short term energy.
                                                                      1. Lipids

                                                                        Annotations:

                                                                        • Lipids are insoluble. It is made form carbon and hydrogen atoms. It is long term energy.
                                                                        1. triglycerides

                                                                          Annotations:

                                                                          • A triglyceride is an ester derived from glycerol and three fatty acids. 
                                                                          1. steroids

                                                                            Annotations:

                                                                            • A steroid is an organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific configuration.
                                                                            1. phospholipids

                                                                              Annotations:

                                                                              • Phospholipids are a class of lipids that are a major component of all cell membranes. They can form lipid bilayers because of their amphiphilic characteristic.
                                                                              1. Fitty acids

                                                                                Annotations:

                                                                                • Fatty acids are the building blocks of the fat in our bodies and in the food we eat. 
                                                                                1. Saturated
                                                                                  1. Untaturated
                                                                              2. Proteins

                                                                                Annotations:

                                                                                • Proteins are macromolecules that contain nitrogen as well as carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
                                                                                1. Nucleic acids

                                                                                  Annotations:

                                                                                  • Nucleic acids are macromolecules containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and phosphorus.
                                                                                  1. DNA

                                                                                    Annotations:

                                                                                    • Deoxyribonucleic acid is a molecule that carries most of the genetic instructions used in the development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
                                                                                    1. RNA

                                                                                      Annotations:

                                                                                      • RNA is a polymeric molecule implicated in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes. 
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