Fats & Oils

savannahpheanis
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savannahpheanis
Created by savannahpheanis about 5 years ago
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Fats and Oils notes, Cooking for Healthy Living, Savannah Pheanis

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Fats & Oils
1 Savannah Pheanis, period 3
2 FATS (9 calories/gram)
2.1 Benefits of fats: they protect your internal organs, insulate your body, & promote healthy skin. Also adds flavor and satisfies hunger
2.1.1 Essential nutrients ( carries vitamins A, D, E, & K)
2.1.2 Made of Triglycerides
2.2 Most concentrated source of energy (quick)
2.2.1 3 Types:
2.2.1.1 Saturated (single carbon bonds)
2.2.1.1.1 Solid at room temp (cheese, milk, meat, etc)
2.2.1.1.1.1 Raise HDL & LDL
2.2.1.2 Polyunsaturated
2.2.1.2.1 Semi-liquid at room temp (found in vegggies & fish)
2.2.1.2.1.1 Lower HDL & LDL
2.2.1.3 Monounsaturated
2.2.1.3.1 Liquid at room temp (oils, nuts, etc)
2.2.1.3.1.1 Raise HDL, lower LDL
2.3 Transfats: unsaturated fat molecule; chemically changed into a solid
2.3.1 Last longer- can cause heart disease
2.3.2 Visual Fat: Fat you can see with your eyes
3 Oils (liquid fat at room temp)
3.1 come from different plants and fish
4 Lipids: chemical compounds including fats & oils
5 Cholesterol: fat-like substance in our blood
5.1 Linked to heart disease and obesity
5.2 High Density Lipoprotein ("good type")
5.3 Low-density Lipoprotein (creates build up in arteries)
6 Other Definitions:
6.1 Butter: Fat extracted from milk & churned into a sold
6.1.1 Margarine: butter substitute made with fat from plants
6.1.1.1 Lard: extracted from animal fat
6.1.1.1.1 Vegetable oil: extracted from plants
6.1.1.1.1.1 Vegetable Shortening: oils hydrogenated
6.1.1.1.1.1.1 Ranicd: fats that have begun to decompose
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