Animals in Antarctic

Suzanne Williams
Mind Map by Suzanne Williams, updated more than 1 year ago More Less
Suzanne Williams
Created by Suzanne Williams about 4 years ago
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Animals in the Antarctic
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Animals in Antarctic
1 Penguins
1.1 Adelie
1.1.1 30" tall
1.1.2 11 lbs
1.1.3 2.5 million pair
1.1.4 eat fish & krill
1.1.5 circular mount nests made of stones & pebbles
1.1.6 humans can eat eggs & meat
1.1.7 white "tuxedo shirt" front
1.1.8 white ring around eyes
1.1.9 reddish beak with black tip
1.1.10 main predator is leopard seal
1.2 Emperor
1.2.1 40" tall
1.2.2 88 lbs
1.2.3 200,000 pair
1.2.4 Weddell & Ross Sea regions
1.2.5 eat fish, squid & crustacens
1.2.6 no nests
1.2.7 largest of all penguins
1.2.8 most biologically interesting
1.2.9 remain in Antarctica permanently
1.2.10 only Antarctic bird that breeds in winter
1.2.11 male can lose 1/3 of body weight when caring for a chick
1.3 Gentoo
1.3.1 30" tall
1.3.2 12 lbs
1.3.3 300,000 pair
1.3.4 eats fish & krill
1.3.5 high snow free grounds for nests
1.3.6 large breeding colonies on South Georgia Island
1.3.7 bright red-orange bills
1.3.8 white patches behind eyes
1.3.9 long stiff tail feathers stick out when they walk
2 Seals
2.1 Elephant Seals
2.1.1 Males - 20' long
2.1.2 Females - 10' long
2.1.3 4 ton
2.1.4 1 ton
2.1.5 700,000 individuals
2.1.6 eat fish, squid
2.1.7 named for massive size
2.1.8 trunk-like noses
2.1.9 cumbersome on land
2.1.10 few if any predators
2.1.11 can dive underwater for a couple hours
2.1.12 males compete quite aggressively for breeding rights
2.2 Leopard Seals
2.2.1 10' long
2.2.2 750 lbs
2.2.3 250,000
2.2.4 eats penguins, fish, squid, krill
2.2.5 considered most ferocious seal in Antarctic
2.2.6 will prey on other seals
2.2.7 impressively long, sharp teeth
2.2.8 solitary by nature
2.2.9 may live for 26+ years
2.2.10 only known predator is the Killer Whale
3 Other Birds
3.1 Albatross
3.1.1 21 species
3.1.2 11' wingspan
3.1.3 18 lbs
3.1.4 21,000 pairs
3.1.5 eat fish, squid
3.1.6 live about 50 years
3.1.7 can live to 80-85 years
3.1.8 often follow visiting ships
3.1.9 considered to be most majestic of all Antarctic birds
3.1.10 mainly white
3.1.11 supreme gliders
3.2 Polar Skuas
3.2.1 4' wingspan
3.2.2 4 lbs
3.2.3 several thousand pair
3.2.4 eat fish, squid, eggs, chicks, carrion, krill
3.2.5 large, heavily built
3.2.6 look like immature gulls
3.2.7 live near Adelie penguins
3.2.8 nickname of "Raptor of the South"
3.2.9 live about 11 years
3.3 Snow Petrel
3.3.1 1.5' wingspan
3.3.2 1 lb
3.3.3 1000 pairs
3.3.4 eat fish, krill, squid, mollusks, carrion
3.3.5 name means "Little Peter"
3.3.6 dense plummage
3.3.7 webbed feet
3.3.8 deeply grooved & hooked bills
4 www.antarcticconnection.com
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