The Purges

g-jacqmin
Mind Map by g-jacqmin, updated more than 1 year ago
g-jacqmin
Created by g-jacqmin about 5 years ago
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purges
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The Purges
1 Communist Party
1.1 Moscow Show Trials (1936-38)
1.2 500,000 party members executed or sent to the Gulags
1.3 1/3 of party purged
1.4 1940: Trotsky murdered in Mexico- he wanted a new revolution
1.5 7/8 of communist politburo purged
1.5.1 1936-38: 1.7 million arrests
2 Red Army
2.1 25,000 army officers removed
2.2 Supreme Commander : Marshal Tukhachevsky removed
2.3 2/3 senior officers arrested/shot
3 Ordinary People
3.1 1937: 18 million in labour camps
3.2 1937: 10 million dead
3.3 "Every family lost at least 1 person"
3.4 Random arrests+executions
3.5 Torture people till they confessed to made up crimes
3.5.1 If didn't work, NKVD would threaten their family
4 Why?
4.1 1934: Murder of Kirov, leader of Leningrad
4.1.1 Used as an excuse by Stalin
4.2 To keep Stalin in power
4.3 Stalin was paranoid and thought everyone was against him
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