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Shale gas

Description

as of 13 November 2015
ee11ikr
Mind Map by ee11ikr, updated more than 1 year ago
ee11ikr
Created by ee11ikr over 6 years ago
14
0

Resource summary

Shale gas
  1. ENVIRONMENT
    1. Air
      1. Fugitive emissions
        1. Climate change from methane
        2. Point source
          1. Flaring
            1. Onsite equioment
            2. Transport emissions
            3. Land
              1. Mining waste
                1. Land take
                2. Water
                  1. Groundwater
                    1. Surface water
                      1. Abstraction
                        1. Waste water
                          1. Flowback fluid
                            1. Produced water
                          2. Nuisance
                            1. Light
                              1. Noise
                                1. Odour
                                  1. Traffic
                                    1. Dust
                                    2. Seismicity
                                      1. NORMS
                                        1. Climate change from energy generation CO2
                                          1. Transition fuel
                                            1. Precautionary principle
                                              1. Knowledge and expertise
                                                1. Who is responsible for generating knowledge and who pays?
                                                2. Biodiversity
                                                  1. Subsidence
                                                    1. Chemcials
                                                      1. Liability
                                                        1. Cumulative effects
                                                        2. ECONOMICS
                                                          1. National effects
                                                            1. Taxation
                                                              1. Balance of trade
                                                                1. Feedstock
                                                                  1. Knowledge and capacity build
                                                                  2. Local effects
                                                                    1. House prices
                                                                      1. Increase (competition)
                                                                        1. Decrease (less desirable
                                                                        2. Lost income from tourism and agriculture
                                                                          1. Employment
                                                                            1. Increased employment
                                                                              1. Lost opportunities
                                                                              2. Environmental Justice
                                                                              3. "Northern power house"
                                                                              4. SOCIAL EFFECTS
                                                                                1. Health concerns
                                                                                  1. US
                                                                                    1. Physical effects
                                                                                      1. Monitoring
                                                                                        1. Evidence
                                                                                          1. Governance
                                                                                            1. Trust
                                                                                        2. Psychological effects
                                                                                          1. Risk perception
                                                                                            1. The effect of media atention
                                                                                              1. Gronnigen
                                                                                          2. Boom town
                                                                                            1. Increased strain on social resources
                                                                                              1. Changing demographics
                                                                                              2. Industrialisation of the country side
                                                                                                1. Place
                                                                                                2. Combat fuel poverty
                                                                                                3. ENERGY SECURITY
                                                                                                  1. Changing Energy markets
                                                                                                    1. Russia
                                                                                                      1. Eastern European influence
                                                                                                        1. Price security
                                                                                                          1. Nord stream
                                                                                                            1. Nabucco
                                                                                                              1. Sanctions
                                                                                                            2. OIl prices
                                                                                                              1. OPEC increased output
                                                                                                                1. US shale
                                                                                                                2. Reduced supply from the Netherlands
                                                                                                                  1. Increasing demand from new markets
                                                                                                                    1. China
                                                                                                                      1. Shale gas development
                                                                                                                      2. Asia
                                                                                                                        1. Japan
                                                                                                                        2. Demand and the global economy
                                                                                                                          1. Increased LNG supply from US
                                                                                                                            1. rapprochement with Iran
                                                                                                                              1. Declining north sea reserves
                                                                                                                              2. Alternative to shale gas
                                                                                                                                1. Renewables
                                                                                                                                  1. Increased availability of coal
                                                                                                                                    1. LNG
                                                                                                                                      1. Nuclear
                                                                                                                                        1. Weapons
                                                                                                                                          1. Fukishima
                                                                                                                                        2. Energy Securitisation
                                                                                                                                          1. Geopolitical influence
                                                                                                                                            1. Short build times for gas generation
                                                                                                                                              1. POLICY
                                                                                                                                                1. Policy paradigms
                                                                                                                                                  1. Sustainable development
                                                                                                                                                    1. Traditional policy paradigms
                                                                                                                                                      1. Dismantling of climate change commitments
                                                                                                                                                        1. Business as usual
                                                                                                                                                          1. Pollution control
                                                                                                                                                            1. Economic growth
                                                                                                                                                              1. Producer interests
                                                                                                                                                              2. A case study in retrenchment?
                                                                                                                                                              3. Theories of policy change
                                                                                                                                                                1. Policy networks
                                                                                                                                                                  1. Issue attention cycles
                                                                                                                                                                    1. Punctuated equilibrium
                                                                                                                                                                      1. Agenda setting
                                                                                                                                                                        1. Analogies with GM?
                                                                                                                                                                      2. New instutionalism
                                                                                                                                                                        1. Policy goals?
                                                                                                                                                                          1. National prestige
                                                                                                                                                                            1. A domestic shale gas industry?
                                                                                                                                                                              1. Improved energy security?
                                                                                                                                                                                1. Winning?
                                                                                                                                                                                  1. Personal credibility
                                                                                                                                                                                    1. Greenest government
                                                                                                                                                                                      1. DC stepping down
                                                                                                                                                                                      2. All out for shale
                                                                                                                                                                                        1. George Osborne as next Conservative leader?
                                                                                                                                                                                  2. Theories of policy process
                                                                                                                                                                                  3. INDUSTRY CAPACITY
                                                                                                                                                                                    1. Practicalities
                                                                                                                                                                                      1. Available workforce
                                                                                                                                                                                        1. Training and capacity build
                                                                                                                                                                                        2. Finance
                                                                                                                                                                                          1. Geology
                                                                                                                                                                                            1. Rig availability
                                                                                                                                                                                              1. Regulatory regime
                                                                                                                                                                                              2. Political support
                                                                                                                                                                                                1. Power
                                                                                                                                                                                                2. Alternative markets
                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. Social licence to operate
                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. Wellhead price
                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. ACTORS
                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. Government
                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. National Institutions
                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. DECC
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. OGA
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. OUGO
                                                                                                                                                                                                              2. Environment Agency
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. DEFRA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. Treasury
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. Farmers?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. HSE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. DCLG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. Cabinet office
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2. Local institutions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. Planning commitees
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. Mineral planning authority
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2. Legitimacy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. Regulatory capacity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. Relationship with business
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. Funding - Business is a paying customer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. Risk of regulatory capture
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. Enforcement
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. How do you regulate paying customers in an era of 30% budget cuts while avoiding regulatory capture?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. Collaborator - Business is a source of knowledge
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. Information asymmetry
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3. Barriers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. Funding cuts
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. Lack of expertise in some areas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. Public mistrust
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. 'Subversive stories'
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2. Brain drain to industry
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. Institutional unease
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. Credibility
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2. A fragmented policy community? Has moving environment to Defra and energy to DECC disrupted policy communities?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. Mistrust
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2. Civil society
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. NGOs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. FoE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. RSPB
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. CPRE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2. Single issue groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. 'Frack free' groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. Frack off
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2. Residents' groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. Protest
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. Participation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. Empowerment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. Network building
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. 'The return of democracy'
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. Learning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. Is shale gas protest a way to increase environmental consciousness and participation or an expression of NIMBYISM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. A cultural resource
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2. NIMBYISM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. Winning the battle but losing the war - a re changes to climate change policy being ignored in favour of shale gas protests?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. Collective action frames
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. Not here, not anywhere
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. North v south
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. Urgent and feasible
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. Industry
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. UKOOG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. Production companies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. Cuadrilla
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. Private equity Riverstone/ Carlyle Global Energy and Power Fund I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2. Third Energy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. Barclays
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2. iGAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. Ineos
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3. Task force on shale gas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. Service companies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. Halliburton
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. Consultancy firms
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. Financing companies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3. Trust
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. The EU
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. EU exit?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2. Expert bodies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. PHE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. BGS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. Royal society
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2. Unions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. new
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2. INFORMATION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. Internet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. Globalisation of protest
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. Gasland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. Network building
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. Other countries experience
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. Not allways relevant
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2. Subversive stories and action frames
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. Moblisation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2. Contagious mistrust
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. Risk perception
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. Demographics
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. Gender
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. Education
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. Political affiliation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. Easily perceived environmental effects
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3. Fear
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. News as enertainment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. Complexity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. Has engagement become impossible?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. Traditional media
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. FOI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. Secrecy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. Vexatious requests
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