Ch. 8 Terms

emilyeggplant
Mind Map by emilyeggplant, updated more than 1 year ago
emilyeggplant
Created by emilyeggplant about 6 years ago
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Description

terms for chapter 8 in the http://connected.mcgraw-hill.com/sv/# for 7th grade civics

Resource summary

Ch. 8 Terms
  1. Lesson 1
    1. Electoral College

      Annotations:

      • -538 members -elects the president -supposed to vote based upon the peoples' opinion, but do not always do so.
      1. Electors

        Annotations:

        • person(s) appointed to vote in presidential elections for president or vice president
        1. Electoral Votes

          Annotations:

          • -votes that determine the presidency
          1. Articles I

            Annotations:

            • -the vice president shall oversee the senate
            1. Resign

              Annotations:

              • -when someone ( example: the president) leaves or quits
              1. Presidential Succession Act

                Annotations:

                • -succession line after the vice president
                1. 25th Amendment

                  Annotations:

                  • -if the president dies or resigns, the vice president takes over.
                2. Lesson 2
                  1. executive powers

                    Annotations:

                    • -powers held by the president
                    1. executive order

                      Annotations:

                      • -a rule or command the president gives out that has the force of law
                      1. pardon

                        Annotations:

                        • -a declaration of forgiveness and freedom from punishment
                        1. reprieve

                          Annotations:

                          • -an order to delay a persons punishment until a higher court can hear the case
                          1. amnesty

                            Annotations:

                            • -a pardon to a group of people
                            1. ambassador

                              Annotations:

                              • -an official representative of a country's government
                              1. Commander in Chief

                                Annotations:

                                • -president -in charge of the nations armed forces
                                1. War Powers Resolution

                                  Annotations:

                                  • -after Vietnam War -says that the president must let congress know within 48 hours when troops are sent into power
                                2. Lesson 3
                                  1. foreign policy

                                    Annotations:

                                    • -a nations plan for dealing with other nations -main goal is to establish/enforce national security
                                    1. National Security

                                      Annotations:

                                      • -the ability to keep the country safe from attack or harm
                                      1. National Security advisor

                                        Annotations:

                                        • -studies foreign policy questions and provides advice to the president
                                        1. Sate Department

                                          Annotations:

                                          • -makes and conduct foreign policy *headed by the secretary of state
                                          1. National Security Council

                                            Annotations:

                                            • -the principle forum used by the president for a peaceful consideration of national security and foreign policy matters
                                            1. CIA

                                              Annotations:

                                              • -Central Intelligence Agency -gathers,processes, and analyzes national security information from around the world
                                              1. treaty

                                                Annotations:

                                                • -a formal agreement between the government of two or more countries
                                                1. executive agreement

                                                  Annotations:

                                                  • -an agreement between the president and the leader of another country
                                                  1. NATO

                                                    Annotations:

                                                    • -1949 -North Atlantic Treaty Organization (U.S. , Canada, Western Europe) -to prevent World War III
                                                    1. trade sanctions

                                                      Annotations:

                                                      • -block trade -try to convince a country to change it's policy
                                                      1. NAFTA

                                                        Annotations:

                                                        • -North American Free Trade Agreement -lowered trade barriers between the United States and other countries
                                                        1. embargo

                                                          Annotations:

                                                          • an official ban on trade with a country
                                                        2. Lesson 4
                                                          1. cabinet

                                                            Annotations:

                                                            • -a group of advisers to the president that includes the heads of the top-level executive department
                                                            1. Executive Office of the President

                                                              Annotations:

                                                              • -experts,advisers,secretaries,and clerks that assist the president
                                                              1. Office of Management and Budget

                                                                Annotations:

                                                                • -prepares federal budget
                                                                1. National Security Council

                                                                  Annotations:

                                                                  • -advises the president on matters of national security
                                                                  1. Joint Chiefs of Staff

                                                                    Annotations:

                                                                    • -top commanders from the four parts of the armed services
                                                                    1. Council of Economic Advisers

                                                                      Annotations:

                                                                      • -helps the president to carry out the role, or job, of an economic leader -the president names people to the CEA, but the senate must approve them
                                                                      1. executive agency

                                                                        Annotations:

                                                                        • -independent agency that deals with certain specific areas within the government
                                                                        1. government corporation

                                                                          Annotations:

                                                                          • -a business owned and operated by the federal government
                                                                          1. regulatory commission

                                                                            Annotations:

                                                                            • -independent agency created by congress that can make rules concerning certain activities and bring violators to court
                                                                            1. political appointer

                                                                              Annotations:

                                                                              • -a person appointed to a federal position by the president
                                                                              1. civil service system

                                                                                Annotations:

                                                                                • -the practice of hiring government workers on the basis of open, competitive examinations and merit
                                                                                1. spoils system

                                                                                  Annotations:

                                                                                  • -rewarding people with government jobs on the basis of their political support
                                                                                  1. merit system

                                                                                    Annotations:

                                                                                    • -hiring people into government jobs based on their qualifications
                                                                                    1. Homeland Security

                                                                                      Annotations:

                                                                                      • -protect the nation from attacks by terrorists
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