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(1) Who has power in the executive
A level Governing the UK - 2C (PM, Cabinet and the Executive) Mind Map on (1) Who has power in the executive, created by Marcus Danvers on 01/09/2014.
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governing the uk
cabinet and the executive
governing the uk - 2c
pm, cabinet and the executive
Mind Map by
, updated more than 1 year ago
over 9 years ago
(1) Who has power in the executive
What is the executive (usually referred to as the government)?
Refers to those who form the centre of government
The PM and Cabinet are the main institutions within the ‘core’ executive – their relative importance forms an important debate within the module
Network of key institutions and people
Also includes junior ministers & civil servants including members of the cabinet office
All in a “power network” within Westminster
Power is fluid and can move between individuals at different times
Chief source of political leadership – PM directs government policy & defines strategic goals from within core executive
Consists of the leading members of the government, chosen by the PM. Major decisions are made or ratified, and where disagreements within government are resolved.
view that collective government survives and PM is not the dominant force within government. Decisions taken by a group after discussions in Cabinet according to this view.
Models of power
The prime Ministerial government - thesis suggest that the PM is the dominant - Foley
The Cabinet government model - suggests that the cabinet is still an important constraint on the PM - Jones
In more recent years, the executive model has suggested that relationship between actors are characterised as dependent
The Cabinet role and functions
Leading members of government
MPs or peers
Most secretaries of state – responsible for running Whitehall departments
Deputy PM, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Home Secretary and Foreign Secretary seen as the key posts
Key ministers may meet as an “inner circle” – known as a “kitchen cabinet”
“kitchen cabinet” meanes - a loose, informal group of policy advisors consulted by the prime minister outside the formal cabinet, including senior ministers, officials and special advisors
Cabinet and cabinet committee members are permitted to express their views and disagree with each other up until the point at which a formal decision is made
After this point all ministers must publicly endorse the decision or policy and keep any doubts private
It’s function is to maintain an image of unity, and stop ministers publicly blaming each other for failed policies
Resignations – Robin Cook and Clare Short over the decision to send troops to Iraq in 2003
Role of the cabinet in theory and practice
in constitutional theory the cabinet is the top body in the UK executive
it is the highest decision making forum
There is a CONVENTION of collective ministerial responsibility
it is largely believed that the PM is now more individually powerful
could all major government decisions be discussed in cabinet meetings once a week, lasting less than 2 hours?
Role of Cabin perform
Formal policy approval
Decisions approved by cabinet to become official government policy. However, PM’s may make decisions separately.
E.g. Blair made decision in May 1997 to grant independence to the Bank of England to set interest rates, and consulted only with Brown
Key role of modern cabinet
Cabinet ensures ministers know what is going on in other departments
Stops ministers becoming too “departmentalised” and see the bigger picture
Helps “join up” government
Most differences between ministers and departments are resolved at a lower level BUT it is a final court of appeal for disputes
Forum for debate
Can be used by PM and ministers as a sounding board for issues
BUT there is limited in time for this
In making decisions it takes account of the views of the parliamentary party
The chief whip is a cabinet member
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