(9) What are differences between
Government and Parliament?
What or who is
Government is a group of elected individuals who
control the operation of the state at any particular
time. They are known as the ‘Executive’.
How are the Government
held to account?
They hold the government
There arer 15 departmnent so 15 selected
committees for the house of commons
There are 4 major selected
committees for the house of lords they are:
Science and technolgy
They can force a minister to answer
question in a commitee
They choice to talk about all the
topic of the goverment year
The government must respond with in
2 months to all committee reports
Selected committees represent what
the general public want to know
What is Parliament?
Parliament is the name to describe the House of
Commons and House of Lords (strictly in the UK).
Also known as the ‘Legislature’ – it decides whether
proposals should be implemented or not.
What is the role of the HoC?
The UK public elects 650 Members of
Parliament (MPs) to represent their interests
and concerns in the House of Commons.
MPs consider and propose new laws, and can
scrutinise government policies by asking ministers
questions about current issues either in the
Commons Chamber or in Committees
What is the role of the HoL?
The House of Lords is the second
chamber of the UK Parliament. It
works with the House of Commons to
check and challenge the actions of the government
provide a forum of independent expertise
The House of Lords Chamber spends about 60% of its
time on legislation; the other 40% is spent on scrutiny –
questioning Government and debating issues and policy.
Committee work takes place outside the Chamber.
How do the procedures of
the two houses compare?
More votes taken in the Commons
More activity in the House of Lords
– make more use of committees
Debate of a bill continues as long as the Lords
feel necessary – in the Commons only a limited
number of amendments can be discussed
before they are guillotined – run out of time
There is a 15 minute limit on backbench
speeches – forces Lords to be focused.