Psychodynamic Approach

CarrotSticks
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Approaches & Debates (Approaches) Mind Map on Psychodynamic Approach, created by CarrotSticks on 02/10/2014.

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CarrotSticks
Created by CarrotSticks over 5 years ago
Cognitive Approach
emily.mcauliffe
Humanistic Approach
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Approaches- Wundt and Introspection
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NSI / PSCOD/ ASSD
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Strengths and Weaknesses of Psychological Approaches
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AS: Approaches - Biopsychology
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ESL Approaches and Methods
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The Approaches
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Approaches Quiz- Psychology (A2)
Grace Fawcitt
Psychodynamic Approach
1 Basic Assumptions
1.1 early childhood experiences determine adult behaviour and personality
1.2 focus on the unconscious mind
1.3 personality/psyche made up of id, ego and superego which are in conflict

Annotations:

  • id = pleasure principle  ego = reality principle  superego = morality principle
1.4 understanding of ourselves is distorted by defence mechanisms

Annotations:

  • to avoid psychological pain of truth 
2 Researchers
2.1 Freud
2.2 Erikson
2.2.1 stages of development are across the whole lifespan

Annotations:

  • stage 1 (0-1)  basic trust vs mistrust  trust vs suspicious (insecurity)
  • stage 2 (1-3)  autonomy vs shame an doubt  self esteem vs shame
  • stage 3 (3-6) initiative vs guilt  initiate activities vs fear of punishment (guilt about feelings)
  • stage 4 (7-12)  industry vs inferiority  sense of achievement and confidence vs feeling inadequate or inferior 
  • stage 5 (12-18)  identity vs role confusion  strong person identity vs confusion 
  • stage 6 (20s) intimacy vs isolation ability to experience love vs isolation
  • stage 7 (20s-60s) generativity vs stagnation  wider outlook vs lack of growth boredom and self involvement 
  • stage 8 (60+) integrity vs despair  sense of satisfaction acceptance of death vs regret (fear of death)
3 Methods
3.1 Case studies
4 Application to topics
4.1 Gender
4.1.1 Oedipus complex - boy likes the mother but fears castration from the father so identifies with him in order to resolve conflict resulting in gender role development
4.2 Attachment
4.2.1 early relationships are important - Bowlby; infant who doesn't form a secure attachment will have problems in later life (inability to form close relationships or delinquency)

Annotations:

  • Erikson's stage 1 trust vs mistrust also links
4.3 forensics
4.3.1 unresolved conflict from oedipus complex leads to weak deviant or harsh superego
5 Impact
5.1 psychoanalysis
5.2 dream analysis
5.3 considers the importance of childhood experiences
6 Debates
6.1 Psychic determinism
6.1.1 behaviour caused by unconscious drives
6.2 nature - focus on instinctive needs
6.2.1 nurture is secondary - acknowledges the influence of different experiences during psychosexual stages
6.3 Holistic - concentrates on the individual's life
6.3.1 reductionist - reduces all behaviour down to unconscious motives
6.4 idiographic - concentrates on the individual's experiences
6.4.1 nomothetic - generalises principles to all

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