Discuss attitudes to food and/ or eating behaviour

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A-Level Psychology (PSYA3: Eating Behaviour) Mind Map on Discuss attitudes to food and/ or eating behaviour, created by a a on 05/31/2016.

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Discuss attitudes to food and/ or eating behaviour
1 Mood
1.1 AO1
1.1.1 Garg 2007
1.1.1.1 38 participants, half watched 'Love Story' (Sad) half watched 'Sweet Home Alabama' (Happy). Those watching sad film ate 36% more buttered popcorn than those watching happy film. Shows we eat to remedy bad moods
1.1.2 Davis et al 1988
1.1.2.1 Participants with bulimia recorded food intake & mood every hour for a few days. Found before a binge, mood was worse than before a normal meal
1.1.3 Wegner 2002
1.1.3.1 Participants recorded eating patterns and mood for 2 weeks. Binge days had a lower mood, and there was no difference in mood before or after a binge
1.1.4 Comfort eating
1.1.4.1 Most obvious example of the relationship between mood and eating behaviours
1.1.4.1.1 Some individuals are more likely to binge eat due to stress, this likelihood of this happening could be based on childhood experiences of food, attitudes towards eating, and biological variations that cause dissimilarities in vulnerability to the effects of stress
1.2 AO2
1.2.1 Binge gives immediate satisfaction, but is very short lived, so why is it still done?
1.2.2 Parker 2006
1.2.2.1 Suggests chocolate can be an anti-depressant for some but can also be maladaptive
1.2.3 Could be alternative theory? Neural , dopamine reward pathway? So theory is reductionist
1.2.4 Many studies look at the clinical population, so there's issues with the extent to which findings can be applied to the non clinical general population
2 Social Learning Theory
2.1 AO1
2.1.1 Parental Modelling
2.1.1.1 Brown and Ogden 2004
2.1.1.1.1 Correlations between parents & kids in terms of snack intake, eating motivations and body dissatisfaction
2.1.1.1.1.1 Claimed children observe attitudes and eating behaviours of their parents and mimic this behaviour
2.1.1.2 Meyer and Gast
2.1.1.2.1 10-12 yr olds, correlation between peer influence and disordered eating
2.1.1.3 Birch and Fisher
2.1.1.3.1 Mothers and daughters were studied. Found the best predictor of daughter's eating behaviour was the mum's dietary restraint and their perceived risk of their daughter becoming overweight
2.1.2 Media Effects
2.1.2.1 MacIntyre 1998
2.1.2.1.1 Media has major impact on what people eat, and their attitudes to certain foods
2.1.2.1.1.1 The level of impact was dependent on factors such as age, income and family circumstances
2.1.2.2 O'Gorman 2010
2.1.2.2.1 Watched 82 hrs of children's TV shown between 6-11am on BBC and RTE
2.1.2.2.1.1 Found that TV for children often appear to 'glamorize' fast food, and settings for programmes were often in coffee shops or fast food chains, but that all children featured looked very healthy and happy, which removed to association of obesity and other negative health effects from the fast food
2.2 AO2
2.2.1 Media and body dissatisfaction
2.2.1.1 Field et al 1999
2.2.1.1.1 Meta-analysis 25 studies that examined the effect of exposure to media images of the slender body ideal on females. Body image of participants was significantly lower after viewing thin media images than after viewing images of either plus sized models or inanimate objects
2.2.1.2 Tiggemann et al
2.2.1.2.1 Despite Field's findings, this study found that whilst media was most common driving force behind participants' wishes to be thin, they also had a good understanding of the media and it's possible role in influencing self image, which could suggest that having a good understanding of the media can mediate the effects that it has on driving body dissatisfaction in young girls
3 IDA
3.1 Gender Bias
3.1.1 Studies are carried out almost exclusively on women. Siever found that gay men were also very likely to have disordered eating habits, along with poor body satisfaction levels and a tendency to diet frequently
3.2 Reductionism
3.2.1 Mood explanation doesn't consider other environmental factors (e.g. financial difficulties, social pressures, lack of time available to prepare fresh food etc)
3.3 Real Life Application
3.3.1 Changes in laws have occurred that ban advertisements for fast food being aimed at children between certain times
3.4 Determinism
3.4.1 While aspects of the SLT explaination may suggest that individuals blindly copy behaviours towards food that they observe, studies such as Tiggemann give insight into why only some individuals experience eating disorders as a result of media exposure to the pressure to conform to body ideals, despite everyone being exposed to such material

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