Freehold Covenants

Vicky Babs
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Degree Land Mind Map on Freehold Covenants, created by Vicky Babs on 05/05/2013.

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Vicky Babs
Created by Vicky Babs over 6 years ago
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Freehold Covenants
1 identify the covenants
1.1 Identify the potential breaches
1.1.1 who needs to be shown to have the burden?
1.1.1.1 burden cannot pass at law - Austerbury v Oldham
1.1.1.2 passing the burden in equity - Tulk v Moxhay hurdles
1.1.1.2.1 restrictive
1.1.1.2.1.1 common intention - Morell's v Oxford Utd FC
1.1.1.2.1.1.1 benefits DT - LCC v Allen
1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1 Notice/registration - S2(5) LCA/S32(1) LRA
1.1.2 who needs to be shown to have the benefit?
1.1.2.1 passing at common law - S136 LPA
1.1.2.1.1 express - S136 LPA

Annotations:

  • written notice but only where original covenantor retains the land and new covenantee owns all the original covenantee's land
1.1.2.1.2 implied - S78 LPA

Annotations:

  • works with part sales
1.1.2.1.2.1 touches/concerns the land - PA Swift v English Stores

Annotations:

  • -benefits covenantee for the time being - affects the nature/quality of the land -not expressed to be personal
1.1.2.1.2.1.1 covenantee has the legal estate in the land benefited

Annotations:

  • Smith v River Douglas Catchment Board - cannot be an equitable estate in that land
1.1.2.1.2.1.1.1 assaingee has the legal estate in the land benefited

Annotations:

  • cannot be an equitable estate in the land
1.1.2.1.2.1.1.1.1 benefit must have been intended to run

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