Renaissance Medicine

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GCSE History Medicine Through Time OCR

Resource summary

Renaissance Medicine
1 Factors
1.1 Chance
1.2 Relgion
1.3 Individuals
1.4 War
1.5 Communications/ Technology
2 Paré
2.1 CHANCE: He ran out of oil, so had to use what he could find
2.2 WAR: He was a battlefield surgeon, short supplies meant that he needed to improvise, and the injured were unlikely to survive anyway
2.3 INDIVIDUAL: He thought that causing the injured more pain would harm their recovery
2.4 Born in France 1510
2.5 Wrote 'works on surgery' 1575
2.6 His new methods were used widespread until a bad batch of silk ligatures gave people infections and then people began to doubt his theories/ treatments
2.7 He began to used a mixture of rose oil, turpentine and egg yolk to treat gunshot wounds
2.7.1 This was instead of pouring boiling oil onto the wounds
2.8 He tied up veins with silk ligatures rather than cauterising them after amputations
3 Harvey
3.1 Born 1578, England
3.2 Published 'An Anatomical Account of the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals' 1628
3.3 He was a specialist in the circulation of the blood
3.4 He discovered that the liver doesn't create new blood which is 'burnt up' everyday, but that the same blood is circulated by the heart
3.5 Also proved blood is carried by veins and arteries
3.6 He COULDN'T prove how blood gets back oxygen, as there weren't powerful enough microscopes to see capillaries
4 Vesalius
4.1 Born in Brussels, 1514
4.2 Wrote 'Fabric of the Human Body' in 1543
4.3 He was a specialist in anatomy
4.4 He discredited much of Galen's work
4.4.1 He proved that Galen's knowledge of a womb was that of a dog
4.4.2 He also proved that the jaw was only made of one bone, not two like a chimp
4.5 RELGION: The Catholic Church relaxed its laws on human dissection for the first time
4.6 COMMUNICATIONS: Medical schools such as Padua (Italy) and Paris allowed knowledge to be shared
4.7 INDIVIDUAL: He was intelligent and confident enough to disagree with Galen's ideas
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