Why was there a Liberal landslide/Conservative defeat in 1906?

elise-v
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

A Levels British History Mind Map on Why was there a Liberal landslide/Conservative defeat in 1906?, created by elise-v on 04/21/2014.

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elise-v
Created by elise-v over 5 years ago
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Why was there a Liberal landslide/Conservative defeat in 1906?
1 Political Factors
1.1 1902 Education Act provided for all schools to be funded from local rates whereas before Anglican and Catholic schools were funded by their Churches. Nonconformists outraged that their taxes would be spent on schools that they strongly opposed. Some refused to pay taxes whilst Lloyd George campaigned against it in Wales.
1.2 Taff Vale Railway Company took trade union to court to receive compensation for loss of profits during workers strike in 1901, the year previous. House of Lords ruled that company was within rights to do so, therefore strikes would be impossible. Conservatives refused to pass legislation to overrule the Lords judgement. Trade Unions pushed towards Labour.
1.3 Chinese labourers were being imported into South Africa as they worked for low wages. Trade Unionists feared if they came to Britain it would decrease wages at home, unemployment already high and without adequate support. Also caused moral outcry.
1.4 1904 Licensing Act proposed to compensate brewers for the closing of public houses and cancellation of licences. Temperance nonconformists outraged that their taxes should be spent on something they opposed.
2 Social Factors
2.1 Despite the Boer War's victory in 1900, it was far more costly in lives and money than anticipated. Also revealed the need for social reform, 25% of volunteers rejected as they were unfit. Led to concerns about the physical decline of the British race.
2.2 Neglect of social reform. Liberals were already developing new form of Liberalism in which State would play greater role in ensuring minimum living standards. Booth and Rowntree's surveys found that a third of population was living in poverty, 10x more than government thought.
3 Economic Factors
3.1 The Tariff Reform campaign 1903 was launched by Joseph Chamberlain. He aimed to reintroduce tariffs, lower on goods coming from within empire than outside of empire. This policy was known as Imperial Protectionism, which was argued to protect British jobs. But voters feared dearer food and falling living standards.

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