(3) Macmillan approach to domestic policy continued and never had it so good?


A level British History (Conservative, Macmillan 1957-64) Mind Map on (3) Macmillan approach to domestic policy continued and never had it so good?, created by Marcus Danvers on 01/23/2014.
Mind Map by Marcus Danvers, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by Marcus Danvers over 9 years ago

Resource summary

(3) Macmillan approach to domestic policy continued and never had it so good?
  1. Comsumer Life
    1. No mass unemployment of the inter-war years
      1. Living standers had risen steadily
        1. 1959 and 1964 the real wage of manual workers increase by 19%
          1. Self owership of house was 44%
            1. Vacuum cleaners were no longer the preserve of the middle class - 75% of all homes had one
              1. Washing Machines were replacing mangles and fridges were bringing about a revolution in the storage and use of food
                1. The Consumer revolution had arrivied
                2. Society
                  1. Home Office
                    1. Butler was left to his own devices at the home office, his instincts were more liberal
                      1. He pushed through a series of important Acts.
                        1. Inherited a Homicide Bill, limiting the dealth Penlty certain categories such as the murder of policeman and prison warders
                          1. It was suspected that Butler was sympathetic to abortion, but the time was not ripe and it would certainly not have been popular with the party faithful
                            1. Wolfenden Report - Sexual Practises, covering both prostiution and homosexuality. It recomonded tighter legilation regarding street soliciting and decriminalization of homosexuality. It became clear that a liberal move on homosexuality woul dbe unpopular with Tory back-benchers - the time was not ripe
                              1. The Street Offices Act seemed to have had the desired effect to reducing street soliciting by imposing tougher penalties on prostitutes - hard to impose penalties on clients
                                1. The Act therfore attracted the hostilitly of feminist groups
                                2. He also pushed through a Charities Act, modernising the administration of charity law
                                  1. The Commonwealth Immigration Act, attempting to control the numbers of Commonwealth citizens arriving in the UK. It was denounced at the time by Gaitskell as racist.
                                    1. But Labour did not repeal the Act when they took power in 1964, but actually tightened the restrictions in there own Act of 1965
                              2. Defence
                                1. There was a determined attempt to cut the burden of defence spending, which was far higher than any comparable European country - 10% of GDP
                                  1. Ducan Sandys as Minister of Defence - clear breif to run down the armed forces
                                    1. He creatred a Defence paper out lining his reasons for his policy
                                      1. "In addition the retention of such large forces abroad gives rise to heavy charges which places a serve strain upon the balance of payment"
                                    2. There was a increasted relyanse on Nuclear weapons as a deterrent and as a prop to great power status
                                    3. Britan's international position
                                      1. EEC
                                        1. It was hoped that access to the dynamic market of western Europe with over 150 million consumers would revitalise Britian industry
                                          1. Health headed up negotiation, Britain hoped to safe guard her special relationship with the commonwelath and the very diffrent nature of Britsh agriculture compared to that in europe, which posed a problem
                                            1. European Community had been built around the need of french agriculture and german industry and such a design did not naturally fit British needs
                                              1. Britain - cheep food to benefit the city in the 19th centry
                                                1. Europe - expensive food to benefit french producers
                                                2. The insuperable obstacle proved to be Charles de Gaulle
                                                  1. He feared Britain was too tightly bound to the USA
                                                    1. The liberation of france by USA and Britain induced resentment not gratitude
                                                      1. On the 14 January 1963, De Gaulle vetoed Britain entry
                                                  2. Britian economic performance
                                                    1. Britian was slipping behind her competitors and was well on the way to becoming the "sick man of europe"
                                                      1. Britianshare of the world trade fell from 25% in 1950 to 15% 1964
                                                        1. France, which britain had clearly passed in the level of economic development in the early 19th century, now begain to pull ahead of Britain
                                                          1. Germany and Japan, the deafeated in 1945, now surged ahead
                                                            1. What had produced this relative decline fueled a lengthy nation debate
                                                              1. To the Right it was a consequence of the burden of the wealfare state and over powerful trade unions, resistant to changes in working practices
                                                                1. To the Left of the political spectrum it arose from complacent managment, the class structure and bloated defence commitments
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