Orwell and 1984

Polina Strich
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Mind Map on Orwell and 1984, created by Polina Strich on 05/03/2014.

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Polina Strich
Created by Polina Strich over 5 years ago
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Orwell and 1984
1 1903: real name: Eric Arthur Blair born in India
2 1911: boarding school in England, but he doesn't feel at ease because the other students were snobbish and from wealthier families
3 1922: joined the Indian Imperial Police in Burma (officer)
4 1927: resigned (disappointment by imperialistic oppressive methods) and returned to Europe, where he lived on the streets in Paris and London experiencing life as a homeless
5 1932: began a teaching career
6 1936: married Eileen O’Shaughnessy.
7 1936: fought on the Republican side during the Spanish Civil War
8 severely wounded, returned to England
9 1941: joined the BBC and is rejected for military service due to his poor health
10 wrote essays exalting British institutions if compared to totalitarism (Mussolini, Hitler, Stalin)
11 1945: "Animal Farm" - satire of Russian Revolution
12 1945: 1945 his wife died
13 1949: publication of 1984
14 1950: re-married but three months later died. (suffered from tubercolisis)
15 awareness of social injustice
15.1 emotional identification with the working class.
15.1.1 role of the artist ➝ to inform, to reveal facts and draw conclusions from them ➝ social function.
16 SOCIAL THEMES
16.1 realistic language
16.1.1 misery caused by poverty
16.1.1.1 depravation of society
17 The essay
17.1 Orwell warns against “the vagueness and the sheer incompetence of modern English prose”. A writer should use a clear and direct language, so as to become an actual instrument of information and communication
18 1984
18.1 to suggest that society could easily be transformed in reality in the near future
18.2 science-fiction
18.2.1 satirical meaning
18.3 DYSTOPIAN NOVEL
18.3.1 = speaks of negative utopia
18.3.1.1 the world represented is completely negative, the worst imaginable
18.4 The War inspired Orwell and also the 2 atomic bombs
18.5 oppressive world
18.5.1 no privacy
18.5.2 no space for love or happiness or different idead
18.5.3 London, in the future
18.5.4 terror and constant control
18.5.4.1 telescreens
18.5.4.2 microphones
18.5.4.3 videocameras
18.5.5 Punishment against the rebels
18.5.5.1 duty to eliminate those who deverge from the Party
18.5.6 BRAINWASHING
18.6 BIG BROTHER
18.6.1 distant, yet omnipresent oppressor
18.6.2 symbol of the total control of the individual's life by mass media
18.6.3 "Is watching you!" - posters everywhere
18.7 prophetic picture of a world where individuality is annihilated
18.8 provides the account of the way a totalitarian state attempts to control the thoughts of its citizens through language.
18.9 the world is divided into 3 great powers
18.9.1 Eurasia
18.9.2 Eastasia
18.9.3 Oceania
18.9.3.1 England is part of
18.9.4 continually at war with each other
18.10 PARTY VS PROLES
18.10.1 Ministry of Truth
18.10.1.1 manipulates people's mind
18.10.1.1.1 modifies and rewrites books and documents adapting them to the political needs of the moment
18.10.1.1.1.1 historical memory and consciousness CANCELLED
18.10.1.1.1.1.1 REDUCTION OF VOCABULARY
18.10.1.1.1.1.1.1 IMPOSSIBILITY TO THINK AND REACT AGAINST THE PARTY
18.10.1.1.2 rewrites history and past
18.10.2 Thoght police
18.10.2.1 torture
18.11 Importance of memory and trust.
18.12 protagonist: Winston Smith
18.12.1 not casual: reference to Churchill
18.12.1.1 works for the Ministery of Truth but is not devotes. Has a love-story but is betrayed and punished by a "friend" of him. Hated the party and tried to rebel but is defeated and learns to love Big Brother.
18.13 IT'S A WARNING against the danger of total adhesion to a political system and its leader
18.13.1 warning through a negative example in order to avoid it
19 LANGUAGE
19.1 clear
19.2 uncomplicated
19.3 influenced by his work as journalist
19.4 opposite words and paradox are employed in the slogans
20 PESSIMISM
20.1 = struggle against all superpowers can never be successful
21 NEWSPEAK
21.1 the official language
21.2 eliminates undesirable words
21.3 aim: to reduce human conscioussnes and soppress free thinking
22 DOUBLETHINKING
22.1 manipulation of the mind by making people accept contradictions and every idea
22.2 makes people believe that the Party is the only institution that knows right from wrong.
22.3 possibility to believe in two ideas at the same time, even if they're contradictory

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