Was the USSR primarily responsible for the division of Germany in 1949?


A Levels History (Germany - Divided and Reunited 1945-1991) Mind Map on Was the USSR primarily responsible for the division of Germany in 1949?, created by Eva Clifton on 05/04/2014.
Mind Map by Eva Clifton, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by Eva Clifton about 9 years ago

Resource summary

Was the USSR primarily responsible for the division of Germany in 1949?
  1. yes
    1. Berlin blockade (1948-49) - intended to drive Western allies out of West Berlin - actually strengthened them and led to the formation of the FRG (1949) and NATO
      1. The USSR took control of most of Eastern Europe - Stalin wanted to create a 'buffer zone' between the USSR and the West
        1. The soviet occupation of the GDR was a massive economic drain on the USSR
          1. Russian policies of denazification and social reform were more extreme than in the west - Eastern Bloc countries were forced to adopt Communist systems of government
          2. no
            1. Russia had suffered huge casualties in WWII - 25 million dead. This hardened attitudes towards Germany's future
              1. President Truman distrusted the USSR and wanted to be harsh with them
                1. Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan - aimed to resist communism
                  1. Bizonia created in 1947 - can be seen as an anti-Russian move
                    1. 1947 - Western allies rejected Stalin's proposal for a united Germany - they feared it would be dominated by the USSR
                      1. June 1949 - Deutschmark introduced - created 2 seperate political systems and weakened the East's economy
                        1. Adenauer strengthened the West's relations with the USA, UK and France - compulsory military service and joining NATO in 1955 showed this
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