Why was Martin Luther King a significant figure in the Civil Rights Movement?


Mind Map on Why was Martin Luther King a significant figure in the Civil Rights Movement?, created by amberlillybellinger on 06/08/2014.
Mind Map by amberlillybellinger, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by amberlillybellinger over 9 years ago

Resource summary

Why was Martin Luther King a significant figure in the Civil Rights Movement?
  1. Inspirations
    1. MLK wrote a book called 'Stride Towards Freedom'. Published in 1958 and was read by students at Greensboro, North Carolina who started the famous sit-in of Woolworth's lunch counters which had a policy of not serving African Americans.
      1. Gandhi
        1. "Through our pain we will make them see their injustice"
          1. In 1959, MLK visited India. According to Coretta King, after this trip her husband "constantly pondered how to apply Gandhi's principles in America
        2. Results
          1. By 20th Dec. 1965, the bus boycott protest came to an end due to the Supreme Court decision and loss of revenue, segregation had been lifted in Montgomery and bus integration was introduced. The boycott demonstrated the power of a whole black community using direct but non-violent action
            1. 1961, the interstate commerce commission banned segregation in interstate travel tanks to the Freedom Riders
              1. The SCLC was impotant because the churches that represented the black population in the south were powerful organisations. They combined power and influence, their poer was multiplied because of this.
                1. King also gave his endorsement an support to the Freedom Riders. In November, 1961 the interstate commerce commission banned segregation in interstate travel due to work of MLK Jr and the Freedom Riders
                  1. The inter-state bus terminals were desegregated but the city simply closed it's parks, sold the swimming pool and integrated the library only after removing all the seats. The local authorities had carefully avoided violence and so had not gained any real federal attention. This made King realise that, "the key to everything is federal commitment."
                    1. The Washington march was a great success around 1/4 of the crowd ere white and King's speech appealed to white America, with references to the Declaration of Independence and the Bible. King had managed to bring all different branches of he Civil Rights Movement together ad gain publicity in which; he showed he (and the movement) had the moral high ground.
                      1. The Kennedy administration had drafted a bill for a new civil rights act but Kennedy was assassinated so the new President Johnson continued to pus the civil rights bill through congress.
                        1. Less than 5 months after the last of the 3 marches, Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act of 1965. The act made it illegal for states to use voting qualification tests like literacy test.
                        2. Methods
                          1. 1955: Rosa Parks was arrested and a bus boycott was organised. Dr King joined the boycott and was elected president of the MIA, making him the official spokesman for the boycott
                            1. Dr King wrote the book 'Stride Towards Freedom' 1958
                              1. 1958: He toured the country trying to get more and ore people to join in on the Civil Rights Movement
                                1. He joined the Reverends Ralph David Abernathy and Baynard Rustin to form the SCLC - non-violent in the struggle of Civil Rights. "Not one hair of one head of one person should be harmed" MLK was elected President of SCLC
                                  1. In 1960, Lunch counter sit-ins began in Greensboro, North Carolina. King gave his support to the movement and in Atlanta, King was arrested during a sit-in waiting to be served at a restaurant. He was sentenced 4 months in jail.
                                    1. In November, 1961, MLK was invited to lead a march in Albany, Georgia in support of sit-ins at the local bus station.
                                      1. 1963: MLK led 125,000 people on a Freedom Walk in Detroit
                                        1. 1963: He led a march to Washington where he made his famous 'I have a dream' speech. This was the largest civil rights demonstration in history with nearly 250,000 people in attendance.
                                          1. On Sunday, 7th March, 80 white people from Alabama joined MLK on the march. State police attacked the marchers with clubs and tear gas. What became known as 'Bloody Sunday' cased national outcry.
                                            1. 1965, 25,000 marchers walked to the capital, Montgomery.
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