1.1 Introduction to Cells

Elisabeth Morell
Note by , created over 4 years ago

Revision of Topic 1.1 Introduction to Cells for IB Biology

Elisabeth Morell
Created by Elisabeth Morell over 4 years ago
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1.1 introduction to cells-Cell theory There are multicellular and unicellular cells. 1. All cells come from pre-existing cells.2. All living organisms are composed of cells 3. Cells are the smallest unit of life-Functions of life. These indicate life existing in a structure. There are 7/8 functions that organisms need to stay alive:1. Growth2. Response/defense3. Homeostasis4. Reproduction5. Metabolism6. Nutrition-Cell size is proportional to its rate of reaction. The effect of larger surface area in a cell will result in heat loss.-Multicellular organisms have certain properties that emerge from cell interaction.-Cellular differentiation is when a simple cell becomes specialized. Differentiation forms complex tissues and cell types in multicellular organisms. A Tissue is a group of cells that develop the same way with the same functions-Differentiation takes place in multicellular cells by cells expressing a selection of genes, but not others. This means switching the pattern of gene expression and thus changes the shape and size of a cell. -Stem cells are undifferentiated cells. They can differentiate and divide (by mitosis). Stem cells are found in multicellular organisms. They can be used therapeutically as a tissue repair system in the body.