What makes up a eukaryotic cell?

maddie.rapisardi
Note by maddie.rapisardi, updated more than 1 year ago
maddie.rapisardi
Created by maddie.rapisardi over 5 years ago
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A general outline of what is found in Eukaryotic cells, linked to the mind map from Part 1 of the course.

Resource summary

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What makes up a eukaryotic cell?Mitochondria: Used in the production of ATP in the cellular respiration cycles (the steps of the Krebs' Cycle and Electron Transport Chain are done in mitochondria)Cell Membrane: To form a barrier between the outside of the cell, which is only permeable to small molecules or through protein channels for larger molecules. Lysosome: Used to digest materials (Golgi Apparatus: Flattened membrane sacks used to package and distribute proteins and other molecules within the cellEndoplasmic Reticulum: used to transport molecules around the cell. A rough endoplasmic reticulum has ribosomes attached and still achieves the same function. Centrioles: Founc in animals only, involved in the separation of chromosomes during mitosis and meiosisMicrotubules: Used to provide structural support for organelles to move within the cell. Cytosol: Location of Nucleus: Membrane surrounding the genetic sequencing of the sequenceNucleolus: Granular body within the nucleus, which is the site of rRNA synthesis (Refer to Part 2 and/or Part 3 items)Ribosome: Used in the translation of proteins from RNA (Refer to Part 2 items)Vacuoles: Used for storage, generally containing molecules such as food and water, when being transported around the cell. Plants have a central vacuole which is not only used to provide storage but for stability of the cell structure. Vacuoles in animal cells are rather small. Chloroplasts: Found in plants only, used in the photosynthesis processCell Wall: Found in plants only, used to maintain a rigid structure of the cell, allowing it to keep it shape regardless of whether it is in hypertonic, isotonic or hypotonic solutions. Made from cellulose (a beta helix polysaccharide)

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