What makes up a eukaryotic cell?

Note by maddie.rapisardi, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by maddie.rapisardi over 5 years ago


A general outline of what is found in Eukaryotic cells, linked to the mind map from Part 1 of the course.

Resource summary

Page 1

What makes up a eukaryotic cell?Mitochondria: Used in the production of ATP in the cellular respiration cycles (the steps of the Krebs' Cycle and Electron Transport Chain are done in mitochondria)Cell Membrane: To form a barrier between the outside of the cell, which is only permeable to small molecules or through protein channels for larger molecules. Lysosome: Used to digest materials (Golgi Apparatus: Flattened membrane sacks used to package and distribute proteins and other molecules within the cellEndoplasmic Reticulum: used to transport molecules around the cell. A rough endoplasmic reticulum has ribosomes attached and still achieves the same function. Centrioles: Founc in animals only, involved in the separation of chromosomes during mitosis and meiosisMicrotubules: Used to provide structural support for organelles to move within the cell. Cytosol: Location of Nucleus: Membrane surrounding the genetic sequencing of the sequenceNucleolus: Granular body within the nucleus, which is the site of rRNA synthesis (Refer to Part 2 and/or Part 3 items)Ribosome: Used in the translation of proteins from RNA (Refer to Part 2 items)Vacuoles: Used for storage, generally containing molecules such as food and water, when being transported around the cell. Plants have a central vacuole which is not only used to provide storage but for stability of the cell structure. Vacuoles in animal cells are rather small. Chloroplasts: Found in plants only, used in the photosynthesis processCell Wall: Found in plants only, used to maintain a rigid structure of the cell, allowing it to keep it shape regardless of whether it is in hypertonic, isotonic or hypotonic solutions. Made from cellulose (a beta helix polysaccharide)

Show full summary Hide full summary


GCSE AQA Biology - Unit 2
James Jolliffe
Biology AQA 3.1.3 Cells
Function and Structure of DNA
Elena Cade
Cells and the Immune System
Eleanor H
Biology Unit 2 - DNA, meiosis, mitosis, cell cycle
Cell Transport
Elena Cade
Cell Structure
Selam H
Edexcel Biology chapter 1
Anna Bowring
OCR AS Biology
Plant and animal cells
Tyra Peters