Orthopaedics Final MCQs- 5th Year PMU

Med Student
Quiz by Med Student , updated more than 1 year ago
Med Student
Created by Med Student over 1 year ago
298
3

Description

Orthopaedics Final MCQs- 5th Year PMU

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Billateral congenital dislocation of the hip joint (luxatio coxae congenita), is clinically represented with
Answer
  • Limping
  • Trendelenburg’s symptom
  • Loose joints
  • Asymmetry of the skin folds
  • Duck-like walking

Question 2

Question
The X-Ray of the congenital dislocation of the hip joint (luxatio coxae congenita) shows
Answer
  • Incomplete bone growth
  • Underdeveloped femoral head
  • Asymmetry of the skin folds
  • Putti's triade
  • Hypoplasia of the trochanter

Question 3

Question
The prevention of congenital dislocation of the hip joint in newborns consists
Answer
  • Wrapping the baby's legs
  • Vitamin D therapy
  • Massage of the hip joints
  • Pants with diapers between the legs
  • Derotative and valgising osteotomies

Question 4

Question
Late diagnosed congenital dislocation of the hip joint (luxatio coxae congenita) is treated with
Answer
  • Vitamin D therapy
  • Overhead Traction and Hanausek’s apparatus
  • Pavlik’s harnesses
  • Freika’s pillow
  • Derotative and valgus osteotomies

Question 5

Question
Pes equinovarus clinically presents with
Answer
  • Abducio, pronatio, planus
  • Adductio, pronatio, planus
  • Equinus, suppinatio, adductio
  • Equinus, pronatio, abduction
  • All of the above

Question 6

Question
Pes planovalgus presents with
Answer
  • Abductio, pronatio, planus
  • Adductio, pronatio, planus
  • Equinus, suppinatio, adductio
  • Equinus, suppinatio, abduction
  • All of the above

Question 7

Question
The physiological “ flat foot" is characterized with the absence of
Answer
  • Abduction and pronation of the front foot section
  • Suppination of the mediotarsus
  • Fifth ray of the affected extremity
  • Aplasia of the big toe
  • All of the above

Question 8

Question
Hallux valgus is a deformity of the
Answer
  • First toe
  • Second toe
  • Third toe
  • Fourth toe
  • All of the above

Question 9

Question
Sacralisation of the fifth lumbar vertebrae is a deformity in which
Answer
  • The fifth lumbar vertebrae is knit to the sacrum and in this way the number of lumbar vertebras becomes 4, and the number of the sacral ones becomes 6
  • The first sacral is detached and becomes lumbar, so the sacral vertebras become 4 and the lumbar ones become 6
  • There is an absence of bone knitting between the body and lamina of the fifth lumbar vertebrae
  • The fifth lumbar vertebrae slides forward
  • A combination of the above

Question 10

Question
Surgical treatment for scoliosis is indicated when there is curving of the spine more than
Answer
  • 40 degrees
  • 30 degrees
  • 20 degrees
  • 10 degrees
  • 5 degrees

Question 11

Question
Madelung’s disease manifests with
Answer
  • Polydactilia
  • Syndactilia
  • Growth defect of the radius compared to the ulna
  • Oblique arch of the acetabulum
  • Femoral head ectopy

Question 12

Question
De Quervain disease affects the tendons in
Answer
  • First dorsal tunnel
  • Second dorsal tunnel
  • Third dorsal tunnel
  • Fourth dorsal tunnel
  • Fifth dorsal tunnel

Question 13

Question
The humeral periarthritis affects the following muscles
Answer
  • m. pyramidalis, m.lumbricalis, m.illiopsoas
  • m.subscapularis, m.supraspinatus, m.infraspinatus, m.teres minor
  • m.longissimus, m.sartorius, m. gluteus maximus
  • m.sternocleidomastoideus, m.pyramidalis, m.lumbricalis
  • All of the above

Question 14

Question
Dupuytren’s contracture manifests with
Answer
  • Contracture of the shoulder joint
  • Contracture of the hip joint
  • Fibrous degeneration of the palmar fascia
  • Abduction of the front foot section
  • Suppination of the foot

Question 15

Question
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a neuropathy of
Answer
  • n.ulnaris
  • n.medianus
  • n.radialis
  • n.axillaris
  • n.brachialis

Question 16

Question
Pertes disease is
Answer
  • Aseptical necrosis of the medial femoral condyle
  • Aseptical necrosis of the femoral head
  • Aseptical necrosis of the apophysis of tuber calcanei
  • Aseptical necrosis of os lunatum in the wrist
  • Aseptical necrosis of the apophysis of tuberositas tibiae

Question 17

Question
The bone cyst is
Answer
  • A malignant bone tumor
  • A benign bone tumor
  • A metastatic bone tumor
  • Intermediate bone tumor
  • A combination of all

Question 18

Question
Chondrosarcoma is
Answer
  • A malignant bone tumor
  • A benign bone tumor
  • A metastatic bone tumor
  • Intermediate bone tumor
  • A combination of all

Question 19

Question
Which of the following tumors is most sensitive to radiotherapy?
Answer
  • Chondrosarcoma
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Ewing's sarcoma
  • Enchondroma
  • Osteoma

Question 20

Question
Deformating arthroses manifest themselves when
Answer
  • There is spiking of the joint
  • The level of calcium in the serum increases over 1.6
  • The loading of the joint does not correspond to the ability of the hyaline cartilage to take this load
  • The level of calcium in the serum decreases under 0.9
  • Blood sugar increases over 8.0

Question 21

Question
Coxarthrosis is a deformating arthrosis which affects the
Answer
  • Shoulder joint
  • Knee joint
  • Hip joint
  • Ankle joint
  • Elbow joint

Question 22

Question
Gonarthrosis is a deformating arthrosis affecting the
Answer
  • Shoulder joint
  • Knee joint
  • Hip joint
  • Ankle joint
  • Elbow joint

Question 23

Question
Typical finding in the coxarthrosis X-Ray is
Answer
  • Narrowing of the joint gap
  • Hypoplasia or aplasia of the femoral head
  • The oblique arch of the acetabulum
  • Increasing of the joint gap
  • All of the symptoms above

Question 24

Question
Joint replacement is not recommended for which of the following diseases
Answer
  • Coxarthrosis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Gonarthrosis
  • Omarthrosis
  • Osteochondrosis

Question 25

Question
Which of the following symptoms is not typical for a long bone fracture
Answer
  • Pain
  • Change in the bone's axis
  • Crepitations
  • Pathological movements
  • Deformation

Question 26

Question
Fractures of the body of the scapula present with a positive
Answer
  • Trendelenburg's symptom
  • Commoli's symptom
  • Hadjistamov's symptom
  • Savariaud's symptom
  • Thomas’s symptom

Question 27

Question
Examination of which nerve is obligatory in patients with diaphyseal fractures of the humerus?
Answer
  • n.medianus
  • n.axillaris
  • n.radialis
  • n.ulnaris
  • n.obturarorius

Question 28

Question
Which of the following symptoms is typical for dislocation of the shoulder joint?
Answer
  • Swelling
  • Elastic resistance
  • Crepitations
  • Paresthesia
  • Pathological movement

Question 29

Question
Volkmann's ischemic contracture is possible to occur in which conditions
Answer
  • Fracture of the femoral neck
  • Pertrochanteric fracture
  • Supracondylar fracture of the humerus
  • Fracture of the clavicula
  • Fracture of the scapula's neck

Question 30

Question
Anatomic basis of the painful pronation (pronatio dolorosa) in children between the age 1-3 years is
Answer
  • Pronation of the ulna
  • Anterior subluxation of the radius' head
  • Posterior subluxation of the ulna's head
  • Suppination of the radius
  • All of the symptoms above

Question 31

Question
The first aid in patients with supracondylar fracture of the femur includes immobilization which is performed
Answer
  • With flexed knee joint
  • With extended knee joint
  • With the hip joint being abducted
  • With the hip joint being adducted
  • With the hip joint being externally rotated

Question 32

Question
Which columns are intact when there is a compression fracture of lumbar vertebra
Answer
  • Anterior and middle columns
  • Middle and posterior columns
  • Anterior and posterior columns
  • Lateral columns
  • All of the above

Question 33

Question
Which columns are affected when there is a burst fracture of lumbar vertebra
Answer
  • Anterior and middle columns
  • Middle and posterior columns
  • Anterior and posterior columns
  • Lateral columns
  • All of the above

Question 34

Question
Which columns are affected when there is a fracture-dislocation of lumbar vertebra
Answer
  • Anterior and middle columns
  • Middle and posterior columns
  • Anterior and posterior columns
  • Lateral columns
  • Anterior, middle and posterior columns

Question 35

Question
When there is a posterior dislocation of the hip joint, the affected extremity is
Answer
  • Flexed, adducted and internally rotated
  • Extended, abducted and externally rotated
  • Flexed, abducted and externally rotated
  • Extended, abducted and internally rotated
  • Extended, adducted and externally rotated
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

General Physiology of the Nervous System Physiology PMU 2nd Year
Med Student
Cell Physiology and General Physiology of Excitable Tissues- Physiology PMU 2nd Year
Med Student
Blood MCQs Physiology PMU 2nd Year
Med Student
General Pathoanatomy Final MCQs (111-200)- 3rd Year- PMU
Med Student
General Pathoanatomy Final MCQs (111-200)- 3rd Year- PMU
ST .
General Pathoanatomy Final MCQs (111-200)- 3rd Year- PMU
y r
The Gastrointestinal System- Physiology- PMU
Med Student
Muscles- Physiology MCQs PMU- 2nd Year
Med Student
General Physiology of the Nervous System Physiology PMU 2nd Year
Ana Luchiari
Muscles- Physiology MCQs PMU- 2nd Year
Candy Rain
General Pathoanatomy Final MCQs (201-300)- 3rd Year- PMU
Med Student