ASU Beebe- Psychology Chapter 1

Lorra Wicker
Quiz by Lorra Wicker, updated more than 1 year ago
Lorra Wicker
Created by Lorra Wicker over 1 year ago
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1

Description

Psychology Quiz on ASU Beebe- Psychology Chapter 1, created by Lorra Wicker on 02/08/2020.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Critical thinking is ________.
Answer
  • A. applying a set of skills to find information about a controversial topic
  • B. applying a set of skills to understand and evaluate information
  • C. applying information to understand and evaluate social phenomena
  • D. reviewing information on the Internet to develop a critical opinion on it

Question 2

Question
2. Which of the following defines hypothesis?
Answer
  • A. idea that proves a theory
  • B. means of explaining social phenomena
  • C. tentative explanation
  • D. way of looking at the world

Question 3

Question
Psychology refers to the ________.
Answer
  • A. empirical study of humanity
  • B. experimental study of individuals
  • C. scientific study of the mind
  • D. systematic study of human interaction

Question 4

Question
Psychology is a social science discipline. Psychologists scientifically study ________.
Answer
  • A. only behavior
  • B. only the mind
  • C. the mind and behavior
  • D. the soul, the mind, and behavior

Question 5

Question
When was psychology accepted as an academic discipline?
Answer
  • A. 1600s
  • B. 1700s
  • C. 1800s
  • D. 1900s

Question 6

Question
What is a PsyD?
Answer
  • A. Doctor of Philosophy
  • B. Doctor of Psychiatry
  • C. Doctor of Psychoanalysis
  • D. Doctor of Psychology

Question 7

Question
Who was the first person referred to as a psychologist?
Answer
  • A. Wolfgang Köhler
  • B. Sigmund Freud
  • C. Wilhelm Wundt
  • D. William James

Question 8

Question
Introspection refers to a process by which someone examines ________ as objectively as possible.
Answer
  • A. another person’s consciousness
  • B. her own conscious experience
  • C. her own subconscious experience
  • D. the social construction of consciousness

Question 9

Question
William James was the ________.
Answer
  • A. author of the first psychology textbook
  • B. father of psychology
  • C. first American psychologist
  • D. first psychoanalyst

Question 10

Question
Psychoanalytic theory focuses on ________ and early childhood experiences.
Answer
  • A. a person’s consciousness
  • B. a person’s unconscious
  • C. fetal development
  • D. sexual identity

Question 11

Question
According to William James, the purpose of psychology was to ________.
Answer
  • A. interpret dreams
  • B. manipulate human behavior
  • C. study the function of behavior
  • D. study the structure and characteristics of the mind

Question 12

Question
Which of the following psychologists was a behaviorist?
Answer
  • A. John Watson
  • B. Sigmund Freud
  • C. Wilhelm Wundt
  • D. William James

Question 13

Question
15. Behaviorists study ________.
Answer
  • A. a person’s unconscious mind
  • B. chemical and hormonal changes
  • C. dreams
  • D. learned behavior

Question 14

Question
________ is a perspective within psychology that emphasizes the potential for good that is innate to all humans.
Answer
  • A. behaviorism
  • B. gestalt
  • C. humanism
  • D. structuralism

Question 15

Question
What is Abraham Maslow best known for?
Answer
  • A. classical conditioning
  • B. dream analysis
  • C. proposing a hierarchy of human needs in motivating behavior
  • D. studying the influence of reinforcement and punishment on behavior

Question 16

Question
Who was the first African American to receive a PhD in psychology in the United States?
Answer
  • A. Carl Rogers
  • B. Francis Cecil Sumner
  • C. Naomi Weisstein
  • D. Noam Chomsky

Question 17

Question
Why do scientists refer to Charles Darwin’s ideas about evolution as the theory of evolution?
Answer
  • A. After numerous hypotheses were developed by Charles Darwin, they were collected together into a theory.
  • B. Contemporary scientists do not accept it as a viable way of looking at the world.
  • C. Evolution only works theoretically.
  • D. It is the best understanding that we have of that part of the natural world.

Question 18

Question
Which aspect of the scientific method occurs first?
Answer
  • A. data collection
  • B. experiment
  • C. hypothesis
  • D. observation

Question 19

Question
Guillermo spends some time each day applying the principles of structuralism to examine his own conscious experience as carefully as possible. Guillermo is engaged in ________.
Answer
  • A. behaviorism
  • B. client-centered therapy
  • C. introspection
  • D. psychoanalysis

Question 20

Question
Functionalist psychologists focus on the function of behavior and ________.
Answer
  • A. explaining the subconscious
  • B. the operation of individual parts of the mind
  • C. the operation of the whole mind rather than the individual parts
  • D. understanding the id, ego, and superego

Question 21

Question
In Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, the ________ include food, water, and shelter.
Answer
  • A. basic survival needs
  • B. comfort objects
  • C. higher-level needs
  • D. wants

Question 22

Question
Marta is pursuing a graduate degree in psychology. As part of her program she must write a long research paper based on the data she spent the last year gathering. What is the long research paper called?
Answer
  • A. dissertation
  • B. PhD
  • C. postdoctoral
  • D. PsyD

Question 23

Question
The cognitive revolution created an impetus for psychologists to focus their attention on better understanding ________.
Answer
  • A. emotions and cultural norms that underlie emotional responses
  • B. genetics and the evolutionary adaptations that underlie behavior
  • C. stimulus-response and the instincts that underlie human reaction to pain
  • D. the mind and mental processes that underlie behavior

Question 24

Question
Cognitive psychology focuses on studying ________.
Answer
  • A. genetics and the effect of genetics on behavior
  • B. sensation and the effect of culture on perception
  • C. the effect of gender, race, and class on behavior
  • D. thoughts and their relationship to our experiences and our actions

Question 25

Question
Which kind of psychological area does the work of Jean Piaget exemplify?
Answer
  • A. biopsychology
  • B. developmental psychology
  • C. personality psychology
  • D. sensation and perception

Question 26

Question
Which theorist published research related to the psychology of personality?
Answer
  • A. Charles Darwin
  • B. Jean Piaget
  • C. Noam Chomsky
  • D. Sigmund Freud

Question 27

Question
When studying personality traits, someone who is quiet, reserved, and withdrawn will score low on the ________ trait.
Answer
  • A. agreeableness
  • B. extroversion
  • C. neuroticism
  • D. openness

Question 28

Question
When studying personality traits, someone who is calm, even-tempered, and secure will score low on the ________ trait.
Answer
  • A. agreeableness
  • B. conscientiousness
  • C. neuroticism
  • D. openness

Question 29

Question
Which theorist had the most influence in shaping how clinicians interact with people seeking psychotherapy?
Answer
  • A. Abraham Maslow
  • B. Carl Rogers
  • C. Wilhelm Wundt
  • D. William James

Question 30

Question
Ashya wants to focus on the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and other problematic patterns of behavior. What area of psychology should she work in?
Answer
  • A. clinical psychology
  • B. cognitive psychology
  • C. organizational psychology
  • D. social psychology

Question 31

Question
Select the correctly ordered list of psychological perspectives, with the earliest perspective listed first.
Answer
  • A. humanism, behaviorism, structuralism, functionalism
  • B. humanism, structuralism, functionalism, behaviorism
  • C. structuralism, functionalism, behaviorism, humanism
  • D. structuralism, functionalism, humanism, behaviorism

Question 32

Question
Which of the following is not involved in critical thinking?
Answer
  • A. knowing your opinion is correct
  • B. maintaining an attitude of skepticism
  • C. making use of logical thinking
  • D. recognizing internal biases

Question 33

Question
Why is psychology considered a social science?
Answer
  • A. Because psychologists study groups and how groups interact.
  • B. Because psychology is not considered a hard science.
  • C. Behavior is biological, and our behavior is influenced by our interactions with others.
  • D. Behavior is unpredictable, so scientists study it.

Question 34

Question
According to Sigmund Freud, all of the following represent ways to access the unconscious mind except through ________.
Answer
  • A. dream analysis
  • B. examination of the first words that come to someone’s mind
  • C. seemingly innocent slips of the tongue
  • D. the use of reinforcement and punishment

Question 35

Question
Behaviorists all focus on ________.
Answer
  • A. individual attitudes
  • B. physiological responses that result in action
  • C. the internal motivation for action
  • D. the subconscious

Question 36

Question
In developmental psychology, there is an increasing interest in researching cognitive changes that occur later in life. Why?
Answer
  • A. The elderly are contracting more cognitive diseases.
  • B. People in developed nations revere the elderly.
  • C. Populations of developed nations are living longer.
  • D. Populations of developing nations are dying sooner.

Question 37

Question
According to the biopsychosocial model, what determines health?
Answer
  • A. applying biological principles to the psychology of a healthy social life
  • B. interaction of biological, psychological, and social factors
  • C. primarily biology; individual psychology and social factors are sometimes relevant
  • D. successful application of biopsychological principles to social life

Question 38

Question
79. Which of the following is a feminist criticism of the science of psychology?
Answer
  • A. Male bias exists in science.
  • B. Male psychologists assume that their results do not apply to women.
  • C. Male psychologists do not pay enough attention to relationships.
  • D. Male psychologists emphasize objective data over subjective data.
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