WJEC Forensic Psychology

Maggiex
Quiz by Maggiex, updated more than 1 year ago
Maggiex
Created by Maggiex over 6 years ago
14
1

Description

Just a general quiz covering 'Treatment and Punishment of crime', 'Factors affecting eyewitness testimony' 'Theories of crime' 'Decision making of juries' and 'Approaches to Profiling'

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Select the therapies that are used to treat and punish offenders
Answer
  • Cognitive therapy
  • Behavioural therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Electro-convulsive therapy

Question 2

Question
Define the term punishment
Answer
  • It is a term that is used in operant conditioning, it refers to any changes that occur before a behaviour which reduces the likelihood that the behaviour will occur again in the future
  • It is a term that is used in operant conditioning, it refers to any changes that occur after a behaviour which increases the likelihood that the behaviour will occur again in the future
  • It is a term that is used in operant conditioning, it refers to any changes that occur after a behaviour which reduces the likelihood that the behaviour will occur again in the future

Question 3

Question
Name the two cognitive programmes that are used by prison services in England and Wales
Answer
  • ETS
  • R&R
  • VTS
  • EBS

Question 4

Question
ETS stands for 'Enhanced Thinking Skills'
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
R&R stands for 'Rehabilitation and Reaction'
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
What is E.T.S (Enhanced Thinking Skills) programme all about?
Answer
  • Teaching offenders the offenders to 'consider all factors' before they act
  • Teaching offenders critical reasoning, creative thinking, social skills etc

Question 7

Question
What is R&R all about? (Reasoning and Rehabilitation) programme
Answer
  • Helping offenders develop behaviours more appropriate social behaviour
  • Helping offenders become more reasonable and rehabilitate them

Question 8

Question
Did Hollin et al study support or disprove the effectiveness of the cognitive therapy?
Answer
  • Support
  • Disprove

Question 9

Question
What were the findings of Hollin et al (2004) study ?
Answer
  • Male offenders(England&Wales) in treatment groups re-offend less than controls
  • Male offenders(England&Wales) in treatment groups re-offend more than controls

Question 10

Question
According to Cann et al(2003), what programmes in the cognitive therapy are more effective?
Answer
  • ETS ( Enhanced Thinking Skills) programmes
  • R&R( Reasoning and Rehabilitation) programmes
  • ETS and R&R are both equally as good

Question 11

Question
One of the problems with the cognitive programmes is Gender bias
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
What did Cann et al (2003) find out in relation to gender bias and cognitive programmes?
Answer
  • ETS and R&R with women have not reduced recidivism
  • ETS with women have not reduced recidivism
  • R&R with women have not reduced recidivism

Question 13

Question
Name a possible reason as to why R&R and ETS programmes are not effective with women
Answer
  • Women lack the cognitive deficits that are related to the crimes committed by the women
  • Women have the cognitive deficits that are related to the crimes committed by the women

Question 14

Question
Which of the following are examples of cognitive deficits?
Answer
  • Lack of self control
  • Lack of values
  • Lack of critical thinking
  • Lack of pity

Question 15

Question
Behavioural therapy is another method that is used to reduce recidivism, it works on the principle of what?
Answer
  • Operant conditioning
  • Classical conditioning
  • Social Learning theory

Question 16

Question
Behavioural therapy involves the use of money which is given to the prisoners every-time they behave in a desirable manner
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
Behavioural therapy involves the use of token economies which is given to the prisoners every-time they behave in a desirable manner
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
Token economies can be exchanged for privileges such as ...
Answer
  • smoking cigarretes
  • Drinking alcohol
  • A variety of selection of different flavoured juices
  • Watching tv

Question 19

Question
What happens if a prisoner/inmate behaves in an inappropriate manner?
Answer
  • They only receive one meal every day for the next 4 days
  • They are kept in isolation
  • They receive an extra month added on to their sentence

Question 20

Question
Which of the following studies showed that token economies were successful
Answer
  • Jenkins et al
  • Garrido et al

Question 21

Question
What did Jenkins et al study show?
Answer
  • Male offenders that had been part of the token economy system consistently had the lowest percentage of post release for the last 9 months of the study
  • Juvenile offenders who had committed serious crimes, the relapse into crime was highest when they received no intervention e.g. not receive any therapy to reduce recidivism

Question 22

Question
What did Garrido and Morales study show?
Answer
  • Juvenile offenders who had committed serious crimes, the relapse into crime was highest when they received no intervention e.g. not receive any therapy to reduce recidivism
  • Male offenders that had been part of the token economy system group consistently had the lowest percentage of post release offences for the last nine months of the study
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