AQA-Psychology- Memory

Charlotte Akester
Quiz by Charlotte Akester, updated more than 1 year ago
Charlotte Akester
Created by Charlotte Akester almost 4 years ago


Pyschology// memory

Resource summary

Question 1

Johnshon and scott studied the effects of what on EWT?
  • The effects of a weapon focus and anxiety
  • The effects of anxiety levels
  • The effects of leading questions
  • The effects of post event discussion
  • The effects of wepon focus

Question 2

Johnson and Scott conducted the study with two anxiety conditions, High and Low, what happened in each condition?
  • Low anxiety: A man walked through the waiting room with a pen covered in grease
  • Low anxiety: A man walked through the waiting room with a knife
  • High anxiety: Particpants heard glass break and a man walked through with a blood covered knife
  • High anxiety: A loud nosie was heard, a man walked through with a knife and bllod on his hands

Question 3

Johnson & Scott: In which condition was it easier to identify the man?
  • High anxiety
  • Low anxiety

Question 4

Johnson & scott concluded that paticpants fixated on the [blank_start]weapon[blank_end], this is known as '[blank_start]tunnel theory[blank_end]' or '[blank_start]weapon focus[blank_end]'. Therfore they were [blank_start]less[blank_end] able to identify the man holding the knife. in cases where a weapon is present, EWT is likely to be [blank_start]less[blank_end] reliable.
  • weapon
  • object
  • knife
  • item
  • tunnel theory
  • tunnel vision
  • tunnel veiw
  • weapon focus
  • weapon veiw
  • weapon vison
  • less
  • more
  • less
  • more

Question 5

Johnson & Scott Evaluation: Participates may fixate on weapons because of the [blank_start]supprise[blank_end] rather than the idea of the weapon being [blank_start]threating[blank_end] itself. Pickel observed the same effects when a [blank_start]raw chicken[blank_end] was in a hairdressers
  • supprise
  • awareness
  • threating
  • covered in blood
  • raw chicken
  • cat
  • rubber glove

Question 6

Yuille and Cutshall studied the effects of anxiety on EWT, What was the real life event they studied?
  • A gun shop shooting, where the thief was shot dead
  • A petrol station shooting where the owner was shot dead
  • A petrol station shooting where the thief was shot dead
  • A gun shop shooting, where the owner was shot dead

Question 7

Yullie and Cutshall studied 13 out of the 21 eye witnesses from the event. How long after the original event did Yullie and Cutshall interview the Orginal EW?
  • 4 to 5 weeks
  • 4 to 5 days
  • 4 to 5 months

Question 8

How was the accuracy determined of the eye witnesses testimony determined? And How did Y&C measure the stress of the EW at the time of the shooting?
  • participants were asked to rate their stress and weather they had had trouble sleeping after the event.
  • participants rated their stress out of 10 and then if they went to sleep that night
  • Participants interviews were compared to original police interviews
  • Policemen who conducted the first interviews watched the study and said if they were similar

Question 9

The Yerkes Dobson law is a theory that show people with very low and very high [blank_start]anxiety[blank_end] are not [blank_start]effective[blank_end] eyewitnesses. People who have a [blank_start]medium[blank_end] level of anxiety are alert enough to [blank_start]pay attention[blank_end] but no so anxious they do not get [blank_start]fixated[blank_end] on the particular aspects of the event.
  • medium
  • some
  • middle
  • effective
  • reliable
  • trustworthy
  • fixated
  • drawn
  • attached
  • pay attention
  • watch
  • see the event
  • anxiety
  • fear
  • alertness

Question 10

What did Loftus and Palmer's study the effect on EWT?
  • Leading Questions
  • Anxiety
  • Weapon focus
  • Time

Question 11

Loftus and Palmer study involved showing participants a video clips of a lorry and car colliding
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Yuille and Cutshall found more detail than the police when they interviewed Eyewitnesses
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Yuille and Cutshall found eyewitnesses were [blank_start]reliable[blank_end] and not [blank_start]manipulated[blank_end] by the researchers. The eye witnesses were not [blank_start]inaccurate[blank_end], unlike those in [blank_start]lab studies[blank_end]. The [blank_start]misleading[blank_end] questions had little or no effect on recall [blank_start]disagreeing[blank_end] with Loftus theory
  • reliable
  • unreliable
  • inaccurate
  • Accurate
  • manipulated
  • influenced
  • lab studies
  • fake situations
  • misleading
  • infuentaul
  • disagreeing
  • agreeing

Question 14

What were the key strengths of Yuille and Cutshall study?
  • Good External Validity
  • Data is subjective (quantitative data)
  • Can be generalised
  • Strong scoring system

Question 15

Yuille and Cutshall's study has a weak scoring system what is another weakness of their study?
  • Cannot be generalised
  • Lacks external validity
  • Disruption to eyewitnesses

Question 16

Loftus and Palmer found that leading questions were biased of the EWT of the event. The verb '[blank_start]contacted[blank_end]' resulted in an estimated speed of [blank_start]31.8mph[blank_end] compared to the verb '[blank_start]smashed[blank_end]' the estimated speed was [blank_start]41.5mph[blank_end]. This showed that the more [blank_start]violent[blank_end] the verb, the [blank_start]faster[blank_end] the car was estimated to be going.
  • contacted
  • smashed
  • hit
  • bumped
  • 31.8mph
  • 41.5mph
  • smashed
  • collied
  • crashed
  • thrashed
  • 41.5mph
  • 31.8 mph
  • violent
  • agressive
  • faster
  • slower

Question 17

Loftus and Palmer concluded that eyewitness testimony could be manipulated by the wording of questions. This shows it is possible to prompt a response where people can be lead to a false answer, even though memories were not altered
  • True
  • False

Question 18

What are the Key evaluation points for Loftus and Palmers study?
  • Limited real life applications (lab experiment)
  • Biased and Limited sample
  • Very reliable and repeatable
  • Lacks can be generalisation
  • Quantitative data

Question 19

What was the aim of Gabbert's study into EWT?
  • The effects of leading questions
  • The effects of post event discussion
  • The effects of anxiety

Question 20

Gabbert's sample consisted of 60 students from the university Aberdeen, and 60 adults from the local community. The participants watched a video of a [blank_start]girl stealing a wallet.[blank_end] Participants were tested individually ([blank_start]control group[blank_end]) and in pairs ([blank_start]co-witness group[blank_end]), the co-witness group were told they watched the same video however they the had watched different videos of the same crime. Only one had witnessed the girl stealing the wallet. Participants in the co-witness group [blank_start]discussed[blank_end] the crime together. All of the participants answered a [blank_start]questionnaire[blank_end] on the event
  • girl stealing a wallet.
  • girl stealing bread
  • girl shoplifting
  • control group
  • co-witness group
  • discussed
  • watched
  • recalled
  • questionnaire
  • questions

Question 21

What were Gabbert's findings?
  • 71% of the co witness group recalled information the hadn't seen
  • 71% of the co witness group were accurate with there recall of events
  • 60% of the co witness group said the girl was guilty
  • 60% of the co witness group said the girl was not guilty

Question 22

What did Gabbert conclude from her study into the event of post event discussion of EWT?
  • post event discussion has a powerful effect on EWT
  • post event discussion has little effect on EWT

Question 23

What is a strength of Gabberts study?
  • Population Validity
  • Ecological Validity
  • External Validity

Question 24

What are two weaknesses of Gabbert's study?
  • Not ecologically valid
  • No explanation for why post event discussion disrupts EWT
  • Not a whole explanation for EWT
  • Not population validity
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