Unit 2 - Prime Minister and His Cabinet

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A-Levels Government and Politics Flashcards on Unit 2 - Prime Minister and His Cabinet, created by sarah.hollowell94 on 08/01/2013.

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Question Answer
Cabinet Government Dicey identified a system of Cabinet Government in the late 19th Century, the theory suggests that cabinet operates collectively: • Decisions are made by the cabinet as a whole. PM is merely the first among equals. • For Example: Gordon Brown 2007 held cabinet meetings, they discussed pros and cons of calling snap elections • Gordon Brown also called economic cabinet meetings during the bank crisis in 2008 • Collective Responsibility, all ministers are expected to support cabinet, decisions in public or resign, for example; Clare Short and Robin Cook resigned Blair's Cabinet after the 2003 Iraq War
Role of a Minister (1) Most senior ministers are in charge of an entire department e.g Jeremy Hunt at the Department of Health. Junior ministers will be in charge of a more narrow range of policy, such as the immigration minister Mark Harper as such they seek to develop policies in line with govt aims usually outlined in the manifesto, therefore making them accountable to mistakes their department make
Role of a Minister (2) Accountability is visible when ministers face scrutiny by the legislature, either via appearances in front of relevant departmental select committees or Prime Ministers Question Time. • Ministers Face trial by media, tour TV studios and defend policies and mistakes e.g all ministers defend the governments record on issues such as lost data, prison escapes. • Ministers of state have an input into govt policy making, weekly cabinet meetings can voice opinions on issues beyond their brief. Direct by PM.
Main Source of PM Power (1) The powers of the PM are not defined by statute, but derive principally from the royal prerogative. Technically the monarch is head of state, but in practise these powers reside with the person that lives at number 10. This allows the PM to make appointments to arrange the positions throughout the state; from the head of the civil service, Hire and Fire allows the PM to wield enormous influence
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