Psychology Assumptions

oliviaclifton
Flashcards by oliviaclifton, updated more than 1 year ago
oliviaclifton
Created by oliviaclifton over 6 years ago
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AS level PY1 Flashcards on Psychology Assumptions, created by oliviaclifton on 26/11/2014.

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Question Answer
What are the assumptions of the Behaviourist Approach? 1. Behaviour is learned by association, 2 stimuli paired together, learn to respond to stimulus alone. (Little Albert) 2. Behaviour learned through reinforcement, positive reinforcer = repeated. Negative reinforcer = stops. (Skinner)
What are the Assumptions of the Biological Approach? 1. Behaviour is shaped by brain chemicals, thoughts based on electrical messages carried by neurotransmitter (Serotonin and Dopamine) 2. Behaviour is shaped by genes, inheritance creates predisposition, Schiz. DISC1, G72
What are the assumptions of the Cognitive Approach? 1. Internal processes of the mind, schemas (Bartletts War Of The Ghosts) 2. Brain is like a computer. Input-Processing-Output attention, perception, memory etc. (Stroop Test)
What are the assumptions of the Psychodynamic Approach? 1. Unconscious mind, Id - Ego - Superego Strong id = impulsive behaviour 2. Childhood experience, 5 Psychosexual stages, may get fixated.
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