Psychology Definitions/Studies for Aggression

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Flashcards by abigail_rose, updated more than 1 year ago
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Created by abigail_rose about 5 years ago
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Flashcards on Psychology Definitions/Studies for Aggression, created by abigail_rose on 01/07/2015.

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Question Answer
Social Learning Theory We learn behaviours through observing and imitating our role model's behaviour(s)
Self-efficacy The confidence we have to get the same results as our model when imitating them
Direct Reinforcement Being rewarded ourselves for imitating behaviours
Vicarious Reinforcement Imitating behaviour(s) because our model was rewarded for doing so
Deinidividuation The loss of identity and personal self awareness
Bandura's Bobo Doll Study Kids put in 2 groups and watched model with bobo doll Kids watching the aggressive model had higher physical & verbal aggression scores
Bandura & Walters Kids put in 3 groups and watched model behave aggressively Kids who saw the adult rewarded had highest aggression levels Kids who saw the adult punished had the lowest
Zimbardo Created a fake prison environment where both prisoner & prison guard were deindividuated The guards were more aggressive as their uniform e.g. the sunglasses deindividuated them more than the prisoners
Instrumental Aggression Group shares a common identity & aims Use aggression in a non-emotional way The police/Army etc
Hostile Aggression Used to vent feelings of frustration/anger Prison inmates, e.g.
Importation Model Prisoners 'import' their social traits into prison & affects how aggressive they are
Irwin & Cressey's Subcultures Convict: raised in the system, most aggressive Criminal: follow norms developed through crime Conventional: one-time offenders, least aggressive
Mills et Al Used the Alcohol Dependence Scale to see if alcohol dependency links to aggression High correlation between dependency and aggression in prison
Kane & Janus Greater periods of unemployment Lower educational levels A serious criminal record = High correlation with aggression in prison
Deprivation Model Aggression in prison results from the deprivations of prison life
Skyes' 5 Deprivations Liberty: not trusted in society Autonomy: feel helpless as few choice/power Heterosexual relationships: increases anxiety Security: fear for their safety Goods & Services: feelings of failure
Cox Prison aggression reduced by 60% when the population reduced by 30%
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