American West - Inhabitants and Early settlers

Flashcards by olly_rogers, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by olly_rogers almost 6 years ago


Flashcards on American West - Inhabitants and Early settlers, created by olly_rogers on 04/13/2015.

Resource summary

Question Answer
How did the Plains Indians live/survive on the plains? The Indians lived to survive on the plains by adaptation, they adapted to their surroundings using resources available to them to help them to survive. Their biggest natural resource was the herds of buffalo. The Indians were very good at hunting the buffalo ad used them to provide for their everyday lives for food, clothes and materials for their Tipi homes etc. Horses were also vital to the Indians for travel, hunting and warfare, this meant that the horses were very valuable to the Indians and in fact a horse was the equivalent to money - having many horses meant that you was very rich.
What was a 'Nation' in the Plains Indians way of life? A large number of tribes who all shared similar beliefs and ways of life made up a nation. The Souix Nation is the name for the Plains Indians Nation.
What were the three main beliefs that differentiated between the white settlers and the plains Indians? -Religious beliefs -The Land -Warefare
What were the Plains Indians religious beliefs? The Plains indians believed that everything in the world had a spirit, that that these spirits coud influence events in the world. For example the Plains Indians before a buffalo hunt would smoke a ceremonial pipe and a ceremony called the buffalo dance to ask the spirit world for help. The spirits could also be contacted through visions. The tribal healers,or Medicine Men, were able to use power from the spirit world to heal illness.
What were the Plains Indians beliefs about land? The Plains Indians believed that they were part of the land, they did not believe anybody could own it. High land such as the Black Hills, was particularly scarce because it was closer to the spirit world.
What was the Plains Indians believes about Ware fare? Since the Plains Indians did not believe anybody could own the land they did not fight over it. Instead they fought over horses or access to hunting grounds to destroy their enemies or for revenge. The bravest act in warfare would be 'counting coup' which involved getting close to your enemy and touching them with your hand or stick-they did not believe in murder.
How was the Plains Indians society structured? It was a Sioux Nation which consisted of many tribes which consisted of many bands each band was -led by a chief -advised by a council of men -influenced by a warrior society
What was punishment for the Plains Indians? If individual Indians did wrong and broke the 'rules'-by stealing they woud be shamed or humiliated in the eyes of the rest fo the band. This made a massive impact because these people would be hunting together all year round, most of them were close relations. So it would be a very extreme punishment. In extreme cases such as murder, some bands banished the wrongdoer. This was because murder damaged the whole band.
What was the role of women in the Sioux Nation? They did not have a place on the bands council, however they were considered very important as the produced children. They owned and maintained the tipi, and fed and clothed the men and children of the band. There were more women then men as men were killed while hunting, so Pologamy was allowed to ensure all women has husbands.
What is meant by 'Polygamy'? Polygamy allows men to marry more than one woman. It was also practiced by the Mormons in the American West study as well as the Plains Indians. It was illegal.
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