Ch.1 Vocab

Katie Ezzell
Flashcards by Katie Ezzell, updated more than 1 year ago
Katie Ezzell
Created by Katie Ezzell over 4 years ago
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ch. 1 words & definitions
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Civics Study of citizenship (rights, responsibilities & duties of a citizen) and government
E pluribus unum "Out of many, one"
"Melting pot theory" refers to immigration during the 1700's & 1800's when groups gave up their cultural heritage.
"Salad bowl theory" aka pluralism; theory recognizes the cultural diversity of citizens in the US
Popular Sovereignty The notion that power lies with the people
Naturalization A legal process to become a citizen
Alien A non citizen
Refugees People who flee their own country because of war, famine, or opperssion
Immigrants People who move permanently to a new country.
Fourteenth Amendment an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1868, defining national citizenship and forbidding the states to restrict the basic rights of citizens or other persons.
Autocracy Rule by self/one
Oligarchy Rule by few people
Democracy a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
Direct democracy In this type of democracy every citizen votes.
Representative Democracy variety of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people
Anarchy A state of disorder due to absence or nonrecognition of authority.
Theocracy A system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god.
Totalitarianism aka dictatorship, dictator has "total" control over peoples lives
Monarchy a form of government with a monarch at the head.
Dictatorship a country governed by a dictator.
Government he governing body of a nation, state, or community.
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