Principles of Training - SPORT

JosephBailey
Flashcards by JosephBailey, updated more than 1 year ago
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Physical Education Flashcards on Principles of Training - SPORT, created by JosephBailey on 04/14/2013.
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Specificity - train for our own particular sport -specific effect on the body -right training for the right type of movement -training programme must be specific to the muscles that you want to develop - Specific to your event and for what is needed in your event Sprints - Speed Cross-country - stamina
Progression - increase training gradually - the body needs time to adapt to more/harder exercise -GRADUALLY build stress or risk injury - too difficult we could give up -bones, ligaments and tendons may take longer for recovery and for change -lower that fitness the easier it is to build it up -high fitness levels is more difficult
Overload - work harder then normal -to improve, we need to work our muscles harder then normal -our body will then adapt to harder work and we will become fitter -we can overload by training more often, working harder or harder for longer on specific exercise - Aerobic fitness by running for longer, more often or cover a distance in a shorter time -the aerobic system with gradually adapt to cope with the overload and we will become fitter
Reversibility - we lose fitness if we stop training - adapt to the stress of exercise by becoming fitter -we adapt to less stress and become less fit -no exercise our muscles atrophy and waste away -we cannot store fitness away for future use -it'll disappear if we stop exercise -3-4weeks to loose fitness -we lose our aerobic fitness quicker then the anaerobic because our muscles use the ability to use oxygen -anaerobic fitness is less affected by not training
Tedium - make training interesting so that we don't become bored -programme must be varied to avoid becoming bored -different training methods -follow a long workout with a short workout -follow a hard session with a relaxed session -follow a high-speed workout with a long slow speed workout -where and when we train -we can avoid overuse injuries by varying the way we train
Over training -too much training leads to injury and is bad for our health. We need time to rest and recover between sessions. -muscle soreness, joint pain, sleeping problems, loss of appetite and extreme tiredness -after injury we must gradually start training again
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