Health Priorities in Australia: Flash cards

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Flashcards by , created over 5 years ago

12 PDHPE (Health priorites in Australia) Flashcards on Health Priorities in Australia: Flash cards, created by rhys-42 on 03/20/2014.

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Created by rhys-42 over 5 years ago
Measures of epidemiology
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Question Answer
Role of epidemiology The gathering and studying of information regarding illness, disease and death within a certain population.
Measures of epidemiology Mortality, infant mortality, morbidity, life expectancy
What does epidemiology tell us? Incidence of mortality and morbidity. Prevalence of morbidity and mortality, Factors directly linked to M & M, the extent of the problem
What doesn't epidemiology tell us? Severity of the illness and how it impacts upon a person's quality of life. Neglects factors such as cultural, social and economic factors. Doesn't address the reasons why health inequities exist.
Who use's epidemiological data? International organisations e.g W.H.O, Government agencies and organisations e.g A.B.S and RTA, Non-gov organisations e.g Australia drug foundation, governments and politicians
What are the four principles of social justice as they relate to health care? Equity, Access Participation and Rights
Equity Fair allocation of resources and entitlements without discrimination.
Access The availability of health services, information and education.
Participation The empowerment of individuals and communities to be involved in planning and decision making for good health.
Rights Equitable opportunities for all individuals to achieve good health.
Social justice Refers to the notion of eliminating inequities in health, promoting inclusiveness of diversity and establishing supportive environments for all Australians.
Direct cost to the community of disease and illness Money spent on diagnosing, treating and caring for the sick, plus the money spend on prevention.
How are direct costs to the community measured? These costs can be estimated from the expenses of medical services, hospital admissions, pharmaceutical prescriptions, prevention initiatives, research, screening and education.
Indirect costs to the community Indirect costs are the value of the output lost when people become to ill to work or die prematurely e.g the cost of forgone earnings, absenteeism and the retraining of replacement workers.
Mortality The number of deaths in a given population from a specific cause over a period of time.
Infant mortality The annual number of deaths in the first year of life, per 1000 live births.
Morbidity The incidence of ill health in a population or group.
Life expectancy An indication of how long a person can expect to live from a given population. It is the number of years remaining to a person at a particular age, if death rates do not change.