Protein

BRITTANY JEANMAIRE
Mind Map by BRITTANY JEANMAIRE, updated more than 1 year ago
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Protein
1 Amino Acids are building blocks
1.1 nitrogen | carbon| hydrogen| oxygen
1.1.1 low-quality
1.1.1.1 plant proteins
1.1.1.1.1 complimentary proteins
1.1.1.1.2 nuts & seeds
1.1.2 high-quality
1.1.2.1 animal proteins
1.1.2.1.1 B-12
1.2 20 amino acids
1.2.1 non -essential
1.2.1.1 11
1.2.2 essential
1.2.2.1 9
1.2.2.1.1 carbon bacbone
1.2.2.1.1.1 leucine
1.2.2.1.1.2 isoleucine
1.2.2.1.1.3 valine
1.2.2.1.2 limiting amino acid
1.2.2.1.2.1 amino acid that stops protein synthesis
1.2.2.1.3 Measurement
1.2.2.1.3.1 biological value
1.2.2.1.3.1.1 nitrogen retained/nitrogen absorbed
1.2.2.1.3.2 chemical score
1.2.2.1.3.2.1 chemical analysis of amino acids
1.2.2.1.3.2.1.1 egg is gold standard
1.3 linked through peptide bonds
1.4 synthesis in the cytoplasm
1.5 digestion
1.5.1 stomach
1.5.1.1 pepsin; stomach enzyme
1.5.1.2 pancreas
1.5.1.2.1 inside small intestine cells
1.5.1.2.1.1 portal vein
1.5.1.2.1.1.1 liver
1.5.1.2.1.1.1.1 bloodstream
1.5.1.2.1.1.1.2 Broken down for energy
1.5.1.2.1.1.1.3 combined into proteins needed
1.5.1.2.1.1.1.4 stored as fat
1.5.1.2.1.1.1.4.1 excess is excreted through kidneys
2 regulate body functions
2.1 blood clotting
2.2 fluid balance
2.2.1 protein attracts fluid into bloodstream
2.2.1.1 deficiency
2.2.1.1.1 edema
2.2.1.1.1.1 tissues swell
2.2.1.1.1.1.1 Kwashiorkor
2.3 hormone
2.4 enzyme production
2.5 transport substances
2.6 visual processes
2.7 cell repair
2.8 supply energy
2.8.1 kilo in weight x.8
2.8.1.1 Male - 63 g
2.8.1.2 Female - 44 g
2.9 satiety
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