How did Hitler consolidate his power in 1933?


History (Germany) Mind Map on How did Hitler consolidate his power in 1933?, created by Ashley.C on 05/30/2013.
Mind Map by Ashley.C, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by Ashley.C almost 10 years ago

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How did Hitler consolidate his power in 1933?
  1. Hitler as Chancellor didn't have full power. Therefore he needed to hold a new election in which the Nazis would win sufficient seats to govern on their own.
    1. A March 1933 election was called & the Nazis began to persuade people to support them, by mainly emphasising the threat to Germany from the communists.
      1. Hitler as Chancellor fully exploited his advantages, by banning communist election meetings & shutting down communist newspapers.
        1. Thousands of Stormtroopers were enrolled as special constables; who acted with brutality towards opponents of the Nazis (who they saw in the street).
          1. On 27 February 1933 the Reichstag building in Berlin was burned down & a Dutch communist, Marinus van der Lubbe, was caught in the building with matches & firelighters. he confessed to the arson & was put on trial & executed.
            1. Hitler was delighted as he finally had evidence, that the communists were trying to seize power by violent revolution & had to be stopped.
              1. Hitler had 4000 leading communist arrested & persuaded President Hindenburg to sign a 'Decree for the Protection of People and the State'. Hitler uses these emergency powers to prevent the Nazis' political opponents from holding public meetings & to arrest more communists.
                1. The Reichstag fire was extremely convenient for the Nazis . Some historians say that it was a set up to frame communists & for Hitler to take action against his opponents.
                  1. However the number of Nazis deputies in the Reichstag increased. To give Hitler the majority in the Reichstag, he banned 81 communists from taking their seats & won the support of the Centre Party (saying he would no harm the Catholic Church). Germany now had a fully Nazi government!
                    1. Hitler wanted to make changes to the German constitution to give him greater power. To do this he needed 2/3 majority in the Reichstag & the banning of the comms & Centre Part support, gave him this majority.
                      1. On 23 March the Reichstag met to discuss the passing of the Enabling Law. This would give Hitler the power to make laws without the Reichstag for 4 years. This would make him a dictatpr of Germany.
                        1. To make sure he got his way, Hitler had the whole building surrounded by Stormtroopers, to intimidate those wanting to vote against the measure.The Reichstag passed the law, effectively voting itself out of existence. In the 12 next meetings, only 4 laws were passed & the only speeches were given by Hitler.
                          1. After March 1933, Hitler used his new powers to turn Germany into a totalitarian state- one where the state has control over all aspects of the citizen's lives.In July, the Law against Establishment of Parties stated that the Nazi Party was the only political party in Germany. Democracy was dead.
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